The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning


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Beth had to work late and does not have time to go to the gym and run errands before picking up her daughter from daycare. Beth decides to run a couple of errands on the way to the daycare center since she needs to pick up her dry cleaning and prescriptions before going out of town on business later in the week. The process that Beth went through to reach her decision is known as which of the following?

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1. _____ is the branch of logic that studies ways of joining and/or modifying entire propositions, statements or sentences to form more complicated propositions, statements or sentences.

2. Reasoning that is comprehensive on the foundation of logic or fact is known as a/an _____.

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Using this worksheet and quiz on inductive and deductive reasoning differences, you will learn to identify which of those methods of propositional logic is being used during a logical argument. Find out more about valid arguments and the inadequacies of inductive reasoning.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

This worksheet and quiz will assess your knowledge of the following:

  • Inductive reasoning
  • Propositional logic
  • Deductive reasoning
  • Reasoning
  • Valid argument

Skills Practiced

Use these skills when working with the worksheet and quiz:

  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you can accurately define main phrases, such as propositional logic
  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast topics from the lesson, such as deductive and inductive reasoning
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the definition of reasoning

Additional Learning

The corresponding lesson titled The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning will prepare you to:

  • Discuss propositional logic and explain the roles of propositions
  • Explain why inductive reasoning often results in inaccurate conclusions
  • Use deductive reasoning to develop some logical statements