Judiciary Act of 1789: Definition & Summary


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This created the Supreme Court of the United States:

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1. Today, the holder of this office is the highest-ranking law enforcement officer in the U.S.:

2. Originally there were eleven of these courts, created by the Judiciary Act; now there are over 90:

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz/worksheet combo will help check your understanding of the Judiciary Act of 1789. Some of the details that you will be assessed on include the offices created by the Act and the number of justices on the Supreme Court under Article III of the Constitution.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Use this printable worksheet and quiz to test yourself on:

  • Article of the Constitution that created the Supreme Court
  • Highest-ranking law enforcement officer in the United States
  • Number of Supreme Court justices prior to the Judiciary Act of 1789

Skills Practiced

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the lesson on the Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the highest-ranking U.S. law enforcement officer
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the office(s) created by the act

Additional Learning

To learn more about this topic, review the accompanying lesson titled Judiciary Act of 1789: Definition & Summary. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Identify key components of Article III of the U.S. Constitution
  • Understand the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Recognize the offices and courts established through the act