Judiciary Act of 1801: Definition & Summary


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question 1 of 3

Which U.S. president signed the Judiciary Act of 1801?

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1. Who emerged as a chief critic of the Federalists in the Adams Administration?

2. Who won the U.S. presidential election of 1800?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

The Judiciary Act of 1801 was born out of a time of severe political contention in the U.S., and this quiz/worksheet assesses your knowledge of the circumstances and individuals responsible for this act's inception and demise.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

With these assessments, students can expect to answer questions about:

  • Individual with the loudest voice against the Federalists
  • President who signed the Judiciary Act of 1801
  • Winner of the controversial election of 1800
  • Term given to justices appointed by a president at the end of his tenure
  • Length of time the Judiciary Act of 1801 lasted

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet test the following skills:

  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about key events in the early 1800s
  • Information recall - recollect the last political maneuvers of John Adams
  • Making connections - link historical events with the success of the Judiciary Act of 1801

Additional Learning

To find out more about this act, check out our video lesson on Judiciary Act of 1801. You will most likely come away with a better understanding about:

  • Contrasting ideas of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists
  • John Adams' implementation of the Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Jeffersonian Republicans
  • William Marbury's appointment as Justice of the Peace
  • Marbury v. Madison and the beginning of judicial review