Karl Marx on Religion: How Religion Affects Social Inequality


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According to Karl Marx, how did the ruling class unconsciously control the masses?

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1. For Karl Marx, how did religion affect the lives of working-class people?

2. Why did Karl Marx compare religion to an opiate?

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About this Quiz & Worksheet

Karl Marx jolted the world with his political philosophy that predicted that the economic disparity between the rich and the poor in a capitalist system would naturally lead to class struggles, revolution and ultimately, to socialism. This quiz/worksheet combo will help you test your understanding on Marx's views of religion, and how those views fit into his larger social and economic theories.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on:

  • Marx's view on religion's effect on the working class
  • Religion's role in capitalism
  • Marx's description of religion
  • How Marx related religion to his concept of alienation
  • The ruling class and its use of religion

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet will allow students to test the following skills:

  • Information - access the knowledge you've gained on Marx's views on religion
  • Knowledge application - use your understanding of Marx's views to answer questions on how religion was used to oppress the working class
  • Making connections - use your understanding of Marx's views on religion to examine his vision of social values and traditions
  • Critical thinking - apply Marx's views to the religious beliefs and traditions of the ruling class and examine his theories in a new light

Additional Learning

To learn more, review the accompanying lesson on Karl Marx's views on religion. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Understand the relationship between religion and alienation
  • Be aware of Marx's view that religion bolstered capitalism
  • Understand Marx's description of religion as the opiate of the masses
  • Know what role Marx felt religion played in oppressing the working class