The Romantic Period in American Literature and Art


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How did Americans react to the Age of Reason fifty years after the Revolutionary War?

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1. Which characteristics of the Romantic movement were expressed through a focus on nature?

2. How did immigration affect the development of Romanticism in the United States?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Novelists Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville, seascape artist Fitz Hugh Lane and the painters from the Hudson River School were all part of the Romantic Movement that sought to capture an emotionally rich and uniquely American vision of man and the natural world. This quiz/worksheet combo will help you test your understanding of the characteristics of Romantic art and literature, how it broke free from the formality of 18th century neoclassicism and flourished before giving way to the artists who embraced realism in the latter part of the 19th century.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments, you'll be tested on:

  • Characteristics of an American hero in Romantic art
  • The Fireside Poets
  • The Romantic era timeframe
  • Leading Romantic era writers and poets
  • Romanticism's rejection of 18th century art

Skills Practiced

This quiz and worksheet lets students practice the following skills:

  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained about literature and art in the American Romantic Period
  • Knowledge application - use the knowledge you've gained to answer questions about the characteristics of art and literature during the Romantic era
  • Making connections - examine the Romantic vision of nature in relation to the rise of industrialism and the growth of urban life
  • Critical thinking - examine how the characters in Romantic era literature embody the goal of establishing a uniquely American hero

Additional Learning

To learn more, review the accompanying lesson on literature and art in the American Romantic Period. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Know the characteristics of Romantic art
  • Understand how Romanticism was a break from past artistic traditions
  • Understand how Romanticism helped established an American voice and vision in art
  • Know some of the major poets and writers of the Romantic period