Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences


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Why were river valleys important to the both Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt?

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1. How did the belief in an afterlife in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt differ?

2. Please complete the pyramid below of the Ancient Egyptian social structure.

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This worksheet/quiz will assess you on making comparisons between ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Answer questions on topics like the importance of river valleys to these civilizations and their different views on the afterlife.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

The following concepts will be addressed:

  • Ancient Egyptian social structure
  • Record-keeping among the two societies
  • The different ways they interpreted their gods

Skills Practiced

  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast topics from the lesson, such as ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • Making connections - use your understanding of river valleys to explain their importance to these two civilizations
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the way these civilizations kept records and how they viewed their gods

Additional Learning

Feel free to learn more about the two ancient civilizations with the lesson we've called Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences. The following areas of interest will be discussed for your benefit:

  • Time period when these two civilizations emerged
  • Their foundations in agriculture
  • Polytheistic religions in these societies
  • Ruling classes for ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • Irrigation and its influence on ancient society