Nitrous Acid & Aliphatic Amines: Reactions & Physical Characteristics

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_____ amines are organic compounds in which a nitrogen atom is bonded to a saturated carbon-based backbone.

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1. A chemist comes to you and tells you that her career involves synthesizing secondary aliphatic amines. This means that the molecules she makes have how many hydrogen atoms bonded to the nitrogen?

2. In a particular diagnostic experiment, a lab student reacted an unknown amine with nitrous acid. Once the reaction occurred, the student noticed bubbles coming from the solution. What can the student qualitatively deduce about the substitution pattern of the unknown amine?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz/worksheet combo provides a convenient way for you to test your knowledge about aliphatic amines and nitrous acid. You must be familiar with the characteristics of these organic compounds and results of their reactions in order to correctly answer all quiz questions.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

For this quiz, you will need to be able to:

  • Name which type of amines have a nitrogen atom bonded to a saturated carbon-based backbone
  • Note how many hydrogen atoms are bonded to the nitrogen in secondary aliphatic amines
  • Determine the substitution pattern of an unknown amine based on information in a given scenario
  • State what kind of amine is present in a solution in which a reaction with nitrous acid produced a yellow oil
  • Recognize which solid is produced from a reaction between tertiary amines and nitrous acid

Skills Practiced

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the lesson, such as which amines have a bond between a nitrogen atom and saturated carbon-based backbone
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the solid product of a tertiary amine-nitrous acid reaction
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about secondary aliphatic amines and what reaction produces a yellow oil

Additional Learning

Further details about this topic are explored in the lesson titled Nitrous Acid & Aliphatic Amines: Reactions & Physical Characteristics. You can expect to learn more about:

  • What the word saturated refers to in 'saturated carbon-base backbone'
  • What amines are derived from
  • How nitrosamine is formed
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