Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages


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'By recording the number and type of questions asked by students we can measure their confusion with new subjects.' Which of the following is the predictor variable in this situation?

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1. Xavier is conducting a study on the effect of an online game on test scores. He has two groups of subjects to whom he gives a pretest. Xavier then gives one group the treatment (the online game) and gives the other group worksheets. He then gives each group a posttest. Which of the following best describes the type of research that Xavier is conducting?

2. Mary's study primarily relies on observation, surveys, and case studies. Which of the following best describes Mary's study?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Test your ability to compare and contrast experimental and non-experimental research in this quiz/worksheet combo. Terms you will need to know for the quiz include manipulating the predictor variable and studies that rely on surveys.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

This quiz and worksheet combo can help you assess your knowledge of:

  • The predictor variable
  • Non-experimental research
  • Testing new types of therapy

Skills Practiced

  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast main concepts, such as experimental and non-experimental research
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you have gained regarding the predictor variable
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the experimental group

Additional Learning

You should make sure to read the lesson called Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Compare and contrast non-experimental and experimental research
  • Determine why placebos are used
  • Identify the experimental group
  • Define predictable variable
  • Review the pros and cons of non-experimental research
  • Examine the advantages and disadvantages of experimental research