Conflict in the Middle East: OPEC's 1970s Oil Embargo & Its Impact


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What was the main goal of OPEC?

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1. How did the American intervention in the Yom Kippur War and the devaluation of the dollar differ in their impact on the U.S. relationship with OPEC countries?

2. How did the United States attempt to combat the oil crisis?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

What caused the oil embargo of the 1970s and what were some lasting results of this event? These are among the topics you will need to be familiar with in order to answer the questions presented in this quiz and worksheet.

Quiz and Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on the following:

  • Middle Eastern organization that controls the price of oil
  • Main reasons for the oil embargo during the 1970s
  • Way(s) used to conserve and encourage the conservation of oil during this crisis
  • Event that sparked the oil energy crisis in 1979
  • U.S. president credited with ending the energy crisis

Skills Practiced

This worksheet and quiz allow you to test the following skills:

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information regarding what led to the oil embargo, the effect on the American economy, and how the U.S. responded to the crisis
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the ways in which Americans conserved energy during the 1970s
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the end of the crisis

Additional Learning

To learn more about this historical event, review the accompanying lesson called Conflict in the Middle East: OPEC's 1970s Oil Embargo & Its Impact. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Describe the state of oil production in the early 1970s
  • Relate how the American dollar no longer being backed by gold had a strong impact on the increase in oil prices
  • Describe the effect of the Yom Kippur War on oil prices
  • Provide details about the events that led to another energy crisis in the late 1970s
  • Discuss energy conservation efforts of the late 1970s