The Concept of Reality Before Socrates


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question 1 of 3

Which of these is true of the Presocratics?

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1. Which of these philosophers believed numbers to be the way to truth and knowledge?

2. What did Heraclitus believe concerning the universe?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Although western philosophy is often thought to begin with Socrates, there were actually several significant thinkers who came before him. These are known as Presocratic philosophers, and this assessment will test you on their various concepts of reality.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

This quiz and worksheet will test you on:

  • Characteristics of the Presocratic philosophers
  • Mathematics and the Presocratics
  • Heraclitus's beliefs on the universe
  • Parmenides's views on knowledge
  • Who was and was not a Presocratic philosopher

Skills Practiced

  • Information recall - use the quiz question to test your recollection of the different Presocratic philosophers and their respective views on the nature of reality
  • Distinguishing differences - make sure that you can articulate the specific philosophical beliefs of individual Presocratic philosophers and differentiate each philosopher's views from the others
  • Knowledge application - apply the knowledge you've gained from the lesson to identify significant Presocratic philosophers and statements about the nature of reality attributed to them

Additional Learning

To learn more about the Presocratic philosophers, review the corresponding lesson called The Concept of Reality Before Socrates. This lesson covers the following topics:

  • Overview of the Presocratic philosophers
  • Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes
  • Pythagoras
  • Heraclitus and Parmenides