Sociology's Four Theoretical Perspectives: Structural-Functional, Social Conflict, Feminism & Symbolic Interactionism


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Why are theories important in social sciences?

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1. Which of the major perspectives in sociology is most likely to examine social problems such as political arguments between the rich and the poor?

2. A recent news item mentions a study showing that though more women than men go to college, men are still more likely to earn doctoral degrees than women. Which theoretical perspective in sociology would be most likely to address an issue such as this one?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

A theory is a statement of how and why processes work or the world operates. This quiz/worksheet will test your knowledge of the four major theories in sociology.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments, you'll be tested on:

  • Know each theory based on its definition
  • Identify the four theories

Skills Practiced

  • Defining key concepts - define the four major theories in sociology
  • Reading comprehension - understand which theories are best applied to certain social outcomes
  • Distinguishing differences - differentiate between each theory

Additional Learning

To learn more about the four major theories in sociology, review the accompanying lesson called Sociology's Four Theoretical Perspectives: Structural-Functional, Social Conflict, Feminism & Symbolic Interactionism. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Define theory
  • Learn how the social sciences organize their respective field
  • Explore the theoretical perspectives and identify some characteristics of each