Soil Profile: Definition, Development & Types


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question 1 of 3

A soil you encounter in a roadcut during a vacation has a very dark brown A horizon underlain by a whitish B horizon. What type of biome do you think you are most likely vacationing in?

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1. Which of the following is not one of the five soil forming factors?

2. Why doesn't this soil have horizons?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Soil profiles are important to be familiar with in environmental science, and this quiz/worksheet will help you assess your understanding of their characteristics and significance. Horizons and biomes will be covered during the quiz.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

In these assessments you'll be tested on the components and characteristics of:

  • Biomes
  • Soil forming factors
  • Soil horizons
  • Parent material

Skills Practiced


This quiz and worksheet allow students to test the following skills:

  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast different types of biomes
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding the five soil forming factors and phenomena that weathers parent material to soil
  • Making connections - use understanding of soil horizons in both written and visual form

Additional Learning

To learn more about soil profiles and related principles, review the accompanying lesson Soil Profile: Definition, Development & Types. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Define soil profile
  • Understand the significance of soil profile horizons
  • Know what constitutes parent material
  • Define weathered
  • Familiarize yourself with the five soil forming factors
  • Know the most common horizons