Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Impacting the Juvenile Justice System


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Why is Gideon v. Wainwright important for juveniles?

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1. Why is Kent v. United States important for juveniles?

2. In re Gault stood for the proposition that:

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

Juvenile crime is handled by the juvenile justice system, which has a specific purpose and special procedures. This assessment will cover Supreme Court decisions that influenced the juvenile justice system, including protected juvenile rights and 'proof beyond a reasonable doubt' as a standard of proof.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

This assessment will test you on the following court cases:

  • Gideon v. Wainwright
  • Kent v. United States
  • In re Gault
  • Roper v. Simmons

Skills Practiced

  • Distinguishing differences - compare and contrast decisions affecting pretrials and trials, such as in the cases of Gideon v. Wainwright and Roper v. Simmons
  • Making connections - use understanding of the concept of the application of constitutional rights in the juvenile justice system and the associated Supreme Court cases that addressed a juvenile offender's constitutional rights
  • Critical thinking - apply relevant concepts to examine information about 'proof beyond a reasonable doubt' in a different light

Additional Learning

To learn more about juvenile justice, you can review the lesson titled Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Impacting the Juvenile Justice System. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Identify who the juvenile court system was created for
  • Differentiate between a lawyer and a guardian ad litem
  • Understand what it means to be adjudicated and identify the 1967 Supreme Court decision that established this outcome for juvenile cases
  • Explain the purpose of a disposition in a juvenile proceeding and know why a juvenile is not sentenced
  • Know why a juvenile cannot be sentenced to death and know the Supreme Court case that decided this
  • Identify what principle was established in the juvenile justice system by Graham v. Florida
  • Define parens patriae and explain how it applies to the juvenile justice system