What Was the Dust Bowl? - Definition, Facts & Causes


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What did many Midwesterners do as a result of the Dust Bowl?

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1. What were people who migrated to California during the Dust Bowl often called?

2. About how many people migrated out of the Midwest because of the Dust Bowl?

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About this Quiz & Worksheet

From 1934 to 1937, Great Plains farming communities were devastated by a long drought and huge dust storms of sun-baked topsoil. This quiz/worksheet combo will help you understand the possible causes of the Dust Bowl and the hardships farmers faced during this painful episode of the Great Depression.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

See how well you score when answering questions about the following:

  • Terminology in the Dust Bowl era
  • Estimates of people affected by the Dust Bowl
  • Possible causes of the Dust Bowl
  • Famous novels with the Dust Bowl as a setting
  • The Dust Bowl's effect on the population of the Midwest

Skills Practiced

While you use this quiz and worksheet, you'll be exercising the skills listed below:

  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained on the Dust Bowl and its effects
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the causes and consequences of the Dust Bowl
  • Making connections - understand how novels set during this era helped make the Dust Bowl historically famous

Additional Learning

For more details about this event, review the accompanying lesson titled What Was the Dust Bowl? - Definition, Facts & Causes. This lesson covers the following objectives:

  • Understand the possible causes of the Dust Bowl
  • Recognize how the Dust Bowl changed the population distribution in the United States
  • Know how the Dust Bowl compounded the hardships of the Great Depression
  • Explore how the Dust Bowl might have been prevented