The Lunar Calendar & Metonic Cycle


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A lunar phase cycle:

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1. A synodic month is approximately how long?

2. This type of calendar took the lunar calendar and seasonal year into account.

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

This quiz tests your knowledge of the lunar calendar and some of the adaptations made as astronomers tried to match the lunar phases with the seasons. The quiz and accompanying worksheet will assess how well you define lunar phase, synodic month, luni-solar calendar, and intercalation.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

Take this quiz to assess your ability to:

  • Define a lunar phase cycle
  • Define a synodic month
  • Identify the type of lunar calendar that took the seasonal year into account
  • Explain who Meton was and what was his contribution to astronomy
  • Identify what the subtraction/addition of months to balance the lunar calendar and season year is called

Skills Practiced

This assessment will help you with the following skills:

  • Making connections - understanding of the concept of intercalation
  • Critical thinking - apply relevant concepts to examine information about calendars in a different light
  • Defining key concepts - ensure that you can accurately define intercalation, luni-solar calendar, Metonic cycle, synodic month, and lunar phase cycle
  • Information recall - access the knowledge you've gained regarding lunar phases

Additional Learning

To learn access the accompanying lesson called The Lunar Calendar & Metonic Cycle. Topics covered are:

  • How long its believed the lunar cycle has been observed
  • When the new month starts on the lunar calendar
  • How Meton kept the seasonal year and lunar calendar aligned