Western Pressures on Chinese Foreign Trade


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Which term refers to accomplishing foreign policy aims through an impressive show of naval power backed up by the threat of war?

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1. When was the Second Opium War fought?

2. Which treaty forced the Chinese to cede Hong Kong to British control, opened up five 'treaty ports' for trade, and required the payment of reparations?

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About This Quiz & Worksheet

For most of world history, China was self-sufficient and did not need to trade with anyone to ensure their survival, and this worksheet and quiz duo will see what you know about the Western pressure to open trading in China. The quiz questions ask you about important dates, trade treaties, and economic resolutions that impacted Western trade with China.

Quiz & Worksheet Goals

The quiz is designed to test you on the following ideas and facts:

  • Dates of the First and Second Opium War
  • Foreign policy based on fear of war through naval force
  • Opening trade in China equally between all countries
  • Treaty requiring the secession of Hong Kong to Great Britain

Skills Practiced

Assess your aptitude for applying these skill sets during your completion of the worksheet and quiz:

  • Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information about the Western pressure to open trading in China from the related lesson
  • Making connections - use your knowledge about the desire of the Western world to trade with China to understand the new foreign policy based on fear
  • Interpreting information - verify that you can read information regarding trade treaties and interpret it correctly
  • Knowledge application - use your knowledge to answer questions about the Opium Wars

Additional Learning

To learn more about trade with China, review the accompanying video lesson entitled Western Pressures on Chinese Foreign Trade. These key objectives can be met while studying the lesson:

  • Learn why trade with China was so desirable for Europe and America
  • Understand why Great Britain started trading opium with China
  • Know why China was on the brink of collapse in 1895
  • Identify the person responsible for equitable open trade with China in the 20th century