About This Chapter
12th Grade English: Argumentative Reading & Writing - Chapter Summary
Many high school level English classes ask their students to understand argumentative reading and writing. This chapter simplifies the process of understanding this topic with engaging video and text lessons developed by top instructors. Lessons provide tips and strategies for supporting claims in writing, analyzing the effectiveness of an argument, anticipating opposing views in writing and more. Quizzes and a chapter exam are available to assess students' understanding of the lessons and ensure they have the knowledge to:
- Write a great argument using six specific steps
- Use reasoning and evidence to support claims in writing
- Anticipate and refute opposing views in writing
- Analyze two texts with opposing arguments
- Examine the validity and effectiveness of an argument
- Evaluate reasoning and recognize biases, assumptions and stereotypes in written works
- Use rhetorical techniques in writing, and evaluate rhetorical devices in persuasive texts
- Identify and avoid logical fallacies in arguments
- Describe the three ways to appeal to an audience in essays
1. How to Write a Great Argument
Sometimes essays and other writings are intended to persuade our audience to favor an idea of some sort. Learn how to write a great argument using a 6-step process for creating a powerful essay that is on target, reasonable, well-written, and supported by reliable sources.
2. How to Support Your Claims in Writing With Reasoning and Evidence
When writing a persuasive essay, it's important to support claims so readers can understand and see the justifications for the position taken. Learn more about supporting claims in writing using argument, persuasion, reasoning, and evidence.
3. How to Analyze Two Texts with Opposing Arguments
Although it may seem complex, texts that present opposing arguments can be analyzed when the appropriate strategies are known. Learn to analyze two texts with opposing arguments by analyzing what they say and how they say it, and find out how to break down their arguments.
4. How to Analyze an Argument's Effectiveness & Validity
In order to determine the effectiveness and validity of an argument, one must pay close attention to its elements. Learn how to analyze whether or not an argument works by examining its parts, including its claim, reasons, evidence, and assumptions.
5. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
As you read essays and articles, your reading comprehension and understanding of each writing's purpose and key points are enhanced if you understand the author's reasoning and logic. Explore deductive and inductive reasoning processes and learn techniques for evaluating reasoning in an essay or article.
6. Recognizing Biases, Assumptions & Stereotypes in Written Works
Recognizing biases, assumptions, and stereotypes in written works aid in accumulating more accurate knowledge and thinking critically. Learn more about what biases are, how to recognize them, and how stereotypes influence writing.
7. Rhetorical Techniques in Persuasive Texts
Rhetorical techniques are used in both everyday interactions and texts to persuade a target audience. Learn to make a compelling argument with common rhetorical devices like repetition, exaggeration, euphemisms, bandwagon appeal, and testimonials.
8. Evaluating Rhetorical Devices in Writing
Rhetorical devices are tools people use to communicate and persuade others to agree with a perspective. Learn how to assess rhetorical devices in writing, read a definition, and explore the rhetoric of sounds, words, sentences, and figures of speech.
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Other chapters within the 12th Grade English: High School course
- High School English: Speaking & Listening Skills Review
- 12th Grade English: Reading Skills Review
- 12th Grade English: Literary Text Analysis Review
- 12th Grade English: Literary Terms & Devices Review
- 12th Grade English: Literary Text Analysis & Terms
- Short Story Elements: House of Usher & Story of an Hour
- Novel Exemplars: Canterbury Tales, Wuthering Heights & Frankenstein
- 12th Grade English: Drama Characteristics Review
- Drama Characteristics: Hamlet & The Glass Menagerie
- 12th Grade English: Understanding & Analyzing Poetry Review
- Understanding & Analyzing Poetry
- 12th Grade English: Nonfiction Text Analysis Review
- Nonfiction Text Analysis
- 12th Grade English: Media & Art Analysis Review
- 12th Grade English: Word Choice & Tone Review
- 12th Grade English: The Writing Process Review
- 12th Grade English: Writing Skills
- 12th Grade English: Informative & Technical Writing Review
- 12th Grade English: Narrative Writing Review
- 12th Grade English: Research Skills Review