About This Chapter
12th Grade English: Argumentative Reading & Writing - Chapter Summary
Many high school level English classes ask their students to understand argumentative reading and writing. This chapter simplifies the process of understanding this topic with engaging video and text lessons developed by top instructors. Lessons provide tips and strategies for supporting claims in writing, analyzing the effectiveness of an argument, anticipating opposing views in writing and more. Quizzes and a chapter exam are available to assess students' understanding of the lessons and ensure they have the knowledge to:
- Write a great argument using six specific steps
- Use reasoning and evidence to support claims in writing
- Anticipate and refute opposing views in writing
- Analyze two texts with opposing arguments
- Examine the validity and effectiveness of an argument
- Evaluate reasoning and recognize biases, assumptions and stereotypes in written works
- Use rhetorical techniques in writing, and evaluate rhetorical devices in persuasive texts
- Identify and avoid logical fallacies in arguments
- Describe the three ways to appeal to an audience in essays
1. How to Write a Great Argument
Many times our writing must not just be informative but it must also be persuasive. One of the best ways to be very persuasive is to use a great argument. Learn six steps you can follow to write a great argument.
2. How to Support Your Claims in Writing With Reasoning and Evidence
What makes an essay persuasive? How can you convince people that your position is the stronger side? In this lesson, we'll explore reasons and evidence and how to use them in a persuasive essay to convince others to support your side.
3. Audience Opposition: Anticipating and Refuting Opposing Views in Your Essays
In addition to planning the major argumentative points you'll make when writing a persuasive paper, you should also think about potential opposing views. This video gives you tips for determining how to effectively anticipate and refute opposing views as you write your argument.
4. How to Analyze Two Texts with Opposing Arguments
In this lesson, we'll discuss how to analyze two texts that present opposing arguments. We'll examine arguments based on varying evidence and on varying assumptions.
5. How to Analyze an Argument's Effectiveness & Validity
In this lesson, we will learn how to analyze an argument. We will pay close attention to the parts of an argument and the questions we must ask about each of those parts in order to determine the argument's effectiveness and validity.
6. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
7. Recognizing Biases, Assumptions & Stereotypes in Written Works
In this lesson, we will define and learn how to recognize biases, assumptions and stereotypes in written works. We will also practice identifying these elements with a few writing samples.
8. Rhetorical Techniques in Persuasive Texts
Are you making a persuasive speech or writing a persuasive essay? Or are you a consumer who reads ads? If so, this lesson will help you understand different techniques used to influence an audience.
9. Evaluating Rhetorical Devices in Writing
In this lesson, we will study a variety of rhetorical devices that commonly appear in written texts. We will look at rhetoric on the level of sounds, words, sentences, and figures of speech.
10. What are Logical Fallacies? - Define, Identify and Avoid Them
Logical fallacies are flaws in reasoning that can throw your argument off track and confuse your reader. This video explains how to identify a few common logical fallacies and how to steer clear of them.
11. Logos, Ethos and Pathos: 3 Ways to Appeal to an Audience in Essays
Appeal is an important aspect to writing, especially when your goal is to inform and/or persuade the reader in some area. In this lesson, we will examine the three main types of appeal: logos, ethos and pathos
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Other chapters within the 12th Grade English: High School course
- High School English: Reading Skills
- 12th Grade English: Literary Text Analysis
- 12th Grade English: Literary Terms & Devices
- Short Story Elements: House of Usher & Story of an Hour
- Novel Exemplars: Canterbury Tales, Wuthering Heights & Frankenstein
- Drama Characteristics: Hamlet & The Glass Menagerie
- Understanding & Analyzing Poetry
- Nonfiction Text Analysis
- High School English: Media & Art Analysis
- High School English: Word Choice & Tone
- 12th Grade English: The Writing Process
- 12th Grade English: Informative & Technical Writing
- High School English: Narrative Writing
- 12th Grade English: Research Skills
- High School English: Speaking & Listening Skills
- Teacher Resources for 12th Grade English
- Teaching Frankenstein: Guide & Resources
- Teaching Hamlet
- Teaching Beowulf