About This Chapter
19th Century American Expansion & Reform - Chapter Summary
This chapter fleshes out a number of historical events highlighting 19th century American expansion and reform. In these lessons, you'll review topics such as the Oregon trail, the Mexican-American War, and westward expansion, as well as all of the following:
- Thomas Jefferson's presidency
- The Trail of Tears
- The annexation of Texas
- The California Gold Rush and election of 1848
- Slavery, immigration and corporations in the 1800s
- Reform movements
- The Transcontinental Railroad
- Native Americans and the Gilded Age
You'll be able to stay organized through the dashboard feature, a place where you can get a quick view of your recent activity and progress through the material. While there, you can also explore the option of supplementing your learning through relevant practice quizzes and additional courses.
1. Thomas Jefferson's Presidency: Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark, and More
Thomas Jefferson is often noted as one of the best presidents in history. In our lesson, learn about some of President Jefferson's many famous domestic accomplishments and the controversy surrounding most of them.
2. The Trail of Tears and Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830
In this lesson, we'll discuss Jackson's forced removal of Native Americans from their land in the east to new territory west of the Mississippi River.
3. The Oregon Trail: Westward Migration to the Pacific Ocean
Throughout the first half of the 19th century, the United States expanded its borders all the way to the Pacific Ocean, fulfilling its manifest destiny. Find out about the reasons people wanted this land, the path that took them there and the politicians who supported it all.
4. Manifest Destiny's Texas Annexation Problem
Find out why it took five presidents (Jackson, Van Buren, Harrison, Tyler and Polk) to get Texas annexed into the U.S. and added as a state during the era of Manifest Destiny.
5. The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso
The controversial Mexican-American War lasted from 1846-1848. In this lesson, discover how the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the southern part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
6. Election of 1848 and the California Gold Rush
General Zachary Taylor was elected president in 1848, hoping to see the peaceful addition of land from the Mexican cession. 'Old Rough and Ready' wasn't prepared for the California gold rush.
7. Economic Expansion in the 1800s: Slavery, Immigration & Corporations
Find out how and why America's population grew tremendously in the first part of the 1800s. Then, learn how America became a market economy and added new transportation routes.
8. Reform Movements of the 19th Century
Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.
9. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis
Between the mid-1800s and the turn of the 20th century, the American frontier opened and closed abruptly. What factors influenced this land rush, and how did it help shape American history?
10. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact
After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.
11. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age
In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.
12. Immigration Patterns in the Late 1800s
This lesson describes the immigration patterns of the late 1800s. Focusing on the new immigrants and birds of passage, it will highlight the hardships and discrimination these groups faced.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Social Studies (Elementary): Practice & Study Guide course
- Social Science Basics
- Social Science Inquiry & Research
- Historical Text & Information Analysis
- Early Civilizations & Cultures
- Contributions & History of Ancient Greece
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- Development of Religions
- Islamic Culture
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- Ancient China
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- Renaissance & Reformation
- European Expansion (1450-1750)
- Scientific & Political Revolutions Since 1700
- European Imperialism
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- Early Evolution of American Government
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century
- American Imperialism
- A World at War - WWI
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- Significant Events of World War II
- Post-WWII World Cultures & Politics (1946-1959)
- Developments & Movements Since 1945
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Michigan History
- Basic Geography Concepts
- Effects of Humans on the Environment
- Human Systems & Culture
- Geography of the Eastern Hemisphere
- Geography of the Western Hemisphere
- Impact of Politics on Geography
- Inter-Continental Organizations
- International Treaties, Agreements & Organizations
- Government & Political Systems
- Important Speeches & Documents in US History
- US Government, Political Process & Citizenship
- History of Political Parties in the U.S.
- US Policy Making
- US Legal System & Landmark Supreme Court Cases
- Business and the Economy
- Basics of International Economics
- Analyzing Democratic Values