Ch 20: 19th Century American Expansion & Reform

About This Chapter

This chapter focuses on key details and events involved with 19th century American expansion and reform, preparing teachers to apply related knowledge in the classroom through a series of engaging video lessons.

19th Century American Expansion & Reform - Chapter Summary

This chapter fleshes out a number of historical events highlighting 19th century American expansion and reform. In these lessons, you'll review topics such as the Oregon trail, the Mexican-American War, and westward expansion, as well as all of the following:

  • Thomas Jefferson's presidency
  • The Trail of Tears
  • The annexation of Texas
  • The California Gold Rush and election of 1848
  • Slavery, immigration and corporations in the 1800s
  • Reform movements
  • The Transcontinental Railroad
  • Native Americans and the Gilded Age

You'll be able to stay organized through the dashboard feature, a place where you can get a quick view of your recent activity and progress through the material. While there, you can also explore the option of supplementing your learning through relevant practice quizzes and additional courses.

12 Lessons in Chapter 20: 19th Century American Expansion & Reform
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Thomas Jefferson's Presidency: Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark, and More

1. Thomas Jefferson's Presidency: Louisiana Purchase, Lewis & Clark, and More

Thomas Jefferson is often noted as one of the best presidents in history. In our lesson, learn about some of President Jefferson's many famous domestic accomplishments and the controversy surrounding most of them.

The Trail of Tears and Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830

2. The Trail of Tears and Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830

In this lesson, we'll discuss Jackson's forced removal of Native Americans from their land in the east to new territory west of the Mississippi River.

The Oregon Trail: Westward Migration to the Pacific Ocean

3. The Oregon Trail: Westward Migration to the Pacific Ocean

Throughout the first half of the 19th century, the United States expanded its borders all the way to the Pacific Ocean, fulfilling its manifest destiny. Find out about the reasons people wanted this land, the path that took them there and the politicians who supported it all.

Manifest Destiny's Texas Annexation Problem

4. Manifest Destiny's Texas Annexation Problem

Find out why it took five presidents (Jackson, Van Buren, Harrison, Tyler and Polk) to get Texas annexed into the U.S. and added as a state during the era of Manifest Destiny.

The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso

5. The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso

The controversial Mexican-American War lasted from 1846-1848. In this lesson, discover how the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the southern part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

Election of 1848 and the California Gold Rush

6. Election of 1848 and the California Gold Rush

General Zachary Taylor was elected president in 1848, hoping to see the peaceful addition of land from the Mexican cession. 'Old Rough and Ready' wasn't prepared for the California gold rush.

Economic Expansion in the 1800s: Slavery, Immigration & Corporations

7. Economic Expansion in the 1800s: Slavery, Immigration & Corporations

Find out how and why America's population grew tremendously in the first part of the 1800s. Then, learn how America became a market economy and added new transportation routes.

Reform Movements of the 19th Century

8. Reform Movements of the 19th Century

Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.

Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis

9. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis

Between the mid-1800s and the turn of the 20th century, the American frontier opened and closed abruptly. What factors influenced this land rush, and how did it help shape American history?

Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

10. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.

Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

11. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.

Immigration Patterns in the Late 1800s

12. Immigration Patterns in the Late 1800s

This lesson describes the immigration patterns of the late 1800s. Focusing on the new immigrants and birds of passage, it will highlight the hardships and discrimination these groups faced.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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