Ch 9: 4th Grade Science: Geology

About This Chapter

Make the study of geology enjoyable for your 4th grader with these lessons on earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and mountains. Use this chapter to work with your student on the science subjects he or she is learning in class or to prepare for an upcoming test.

4th Grade Science: Geology - Chapter Summary

This chapter covers geology topics like hot springs, topographic maps, tectonic plates and the layers of the Earth in specially designed lessons. Our instructors have designed these short geology studies to match the short attention spans of young learners. Use the quizzes that accompany these lessons to see where your student might need to focus more study. Our instructors are available to help if you need further assistance.

Chapter Topics

  • The layers of the Earth
  • Tectonic plates and Pangaea
  • Earthquakes, the Richter Scale and seismographs
  • Facts about tsunamis
  • Why volcanoes are formed and why they erupt
  • Mount Vesuvius, Mount Saint Helens and Krakatoa
  • Hot springs
  • How mountains are formed
  • The ocean floor and topographic maps

Who It's For

Kids who need extra help with geology topics will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There's no faster or easier way to learn about geology.

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding geology topics
  • Students who have learning disabilities or need a little extra help learning about geology
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient and convenient way to learn about geology
  • Students who struggle to understand their science teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science resources

How It Works

  • Find lessons in the chapter that cover the geology topics your student needs to learn or review.
  • Press play to watch the video lesson with your student or read through the text lesson.
  • Review the lesson or video transcripts, emphasizing the highlighted vocab words to reinforce learning about geology.
  • Test your student's understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify your student understands geology by completing the 4th Grade Science: Geology exam.

17 Lessons in Chapter 9: 4th Grade Science: Geology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Layers of the Earth: Lesson for Kids

1. Layers of the Earth: Lesson for Kids

Although the earth might look like a solid ball, it's actually made up of several layers. This lesson teaches you some cool facts about the layers of the earth. We'll start with the outer crust and dig deep down to the core, all while exploring the layers in between.

Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts

2. Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts

Ever wonder how breathtaking mountains, trembling earthquakes, and exploding volcanoes are formed? The answer is plate tectonics! This lesson takes you deep into the earth to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and how this theory plays such an important part in the world of geology.

Pangaea Lesson for Kids

3. Pangaea Lesson for Kids

This lesson discusses the supercontinent known as Pangaea. In this lesson, learn the history of Pangaea, the information scientists of gathered focused on Pangaea, and other interesting facts related to Pangaea.

Earthquakes Lesson for Kids

4. Earthquakes Lesson for Kids

Did you know the earth can feel stressed? When it feels too much stress, it sometimes shakes, causing what is known as an earthquake. In this lesson, we'll discuss these natural disasters, including what an earthquake is, how an earthquake occurs, and other interesting facts about earthquakes.

The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids

5. The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids

Have you ever wondered what scientists use to measure earthquakes? Come learn about the purpose and history of the Richter scale as well as how to use it to record the strength of earthquakes.

Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses

6. Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses

Get ready for some earth-shaking learning! In this lesson, you'll learn what a seismograph is and how scientists use a seismograph to learn things about earthquakes.

Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

7. Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

Tsunamis are waves of water that can cause a lot of damage if they hit the land. This lesson teaches you about tsunamis, how they form, and where they are most likely to happen.

Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types

8. Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types

Volcanoes are some of the most awesome and jaw-dropping natural features on Earth. But what are they? In this lesson, we'll talk about volcanoes, how they're formed, and why they erupt. You'll also learn about four different types of volcanoes.

How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids

9. How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids

Volcanoes are one of Earth's most magnificent land features. In this lesson, you'll learn about volcanoes, how they're formed, what's inside them, and why some volcanoes look different than others.

Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids

10. Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids

If you have ever wondered why volcanoes erupt, this lesson is for you! You will learn about some of the events that lead to a volcanic eruption. As you will see, not all eruptions are alike.

Mount Vesuvius Facts: Lesson for Kids

11. Mount Vesuvius Facts: Lesson for Kids

Did you know that there are people today who live on a volcano in Europe? Let's learn about Mount Vesuvius, and how it became one of the most famous volcanoes ever.

Mount Saint Helens Facts: Lesson for Kids

12. Mount Saint Helens Facts: Lesson for Kids

This lesson introduces Mount Saint Helens, the site of one of the most destructive volcanic eruptions in history. You will learn about some of the science behind predicting volcanic eruptions, and will see the dramatic changes they cause to the landscape.

Krakatoa Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

13. Krakatoa Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

Krakatau is a famous volcano that sits between two islands in Southeast Asia. Let's take a few minutes to learn about this deadly volcano, how powerful an explosion it created, and some other cool facts about it.

What is a Hot Spring? - Definition & Explanation

14. What is a Hot Spring? - Definition & Explanation

Learn about hot springs and what heats these pools of water. Explore the hot springs in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, and in Warm Springs, Georgia, and learn how hot springs can be used as sources of renewable energy.

How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids

15. How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids

Did you ever wonder how mountains are formed? As it turns out, Earth's crust is made up of over 50 plates (not the kind we eat off of) that push and pull away from each other at about 1 inch per year. That pushing and pulling of those plates is the basis for how mountains are formed.

Ocean Floor Lesson for Kids

16. Ocean Floor Lesson for Kids

The ocean floor is a dark, mysterious place, and you will learn about it in this lesson. You will learn what it looks like and also what lives down there.

Topographic Maps: Lesson for Kids

17. Topographic Maps: Lesson for Kids

You could say that reading a topographic map has its ups and downs. It measures land elevation! This lesson focuses on how to read and understand the features of a topographic map.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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