About This Chapter
Abnormal Psychology - Chapter Summary
While research psychologists are interested in determining how the brain works normally, clinical psychologists, therapists, and psychiatrists work with patients who exhibit abnormal brain function. In this chapter, you'll explore various disorders, their symptoms, possible causes, and typical treatments. You'll learn about the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, known as the DSM, and how it seeks to help classify diagnoses. Some disorders are caused by physical brain changes while others have more psychological explanations, and you'll explore the differences in probable causes of abnormal mental functions. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- List the five axes used by the DSM
- Give examples of the differences between types of disorders
- Explain the symptoms of various mental diagnoses
- Understand the possible causes of disorders
- Explain approaches to treatment for psychological disorders
- Understand the behavioral model and how it relates to abnormal functioning
- Define the sociocultural model of abnormal functioning
- Discuss possible physiological causes and explanations for mental disorders
- List the strengths and weaknesses of the biological model of abnormal functioning
- Understand the cognitive model in abnormal functioning
- Describe mental health and the dimensions of psychopathology
- Discuss the humanistic approach to psychopathology theory
- Explain the role of psychological evaluations in the determination of competency to stand trial
This chapter has been created by our expert instructors to help guide you through the information that you need to understand abnormal psychology. By using the available resources, such as our engaging video lessons, our bold-face highlighting of important terms, and our chapter-ending quiz, you will be able to quickly assess your progress in your mastery of this material. Be sure to track that progress by checking your Dashboard regularly.
1. Psychological Disorders: Definition, Examples & Approaches to Treatment
How are psychological disorders related to perception and learning? What type of psychologist helps treat these disorders? From imaginary voices to an intense fear of birds, this video will introduce you to the nature of disorders.
2. Mental Health & Psychopathology: Definition & Dimensions
In this lesson, we will explore some of the basic ways that we differentiate between mental health and psychopathology. Included in this is looking at social, behavioral, thought, and emotional processes.
3. Psychoanalytic Schools Approach to Psychopathology Theory
Here, we will explore the basic tenants of psychoanalysis and psychodynamic theories as they relate to psychopathology. Two techniques for treatment are also explored briefly.
4. Humanistic Approach to Psychopathology Theory
Here, we look at what gave rise to humanism and some of the field's basic ideas. We will also look into how humanism views psychopathology, as well as how it treats it.
5. The Behavioral Model and Abnormal Functioning
What causes mental illness? Why do some people have psychological problems, while others don't? In this lesson, we'll look at one theory of abnormal psychology, the behavioral model.
6. The Sociocultural Model and Abnormal Functioning
There are many theories on what causes psychological issues. In this lesson, we'll explore the sociocultural model of abnormality, including what it is, what some key components of the theory are, and how sociocultural theorists treat abnormality.
7. Physiological Causes & Explanations for Mental Illness
There are many factors that can affect a person's mental health, including physiological issues. In this lesson, we'll look at three major physical causes of psychological problems: infection, malnutrition, and metal poisoning.
8. Assessing the Biological Model: Strengths and Weaknesses
What causes mental illness? Some psychologists believe that psychological disorders are caused by physical problems. In this lesson, we'll assess the strengths and limitations of the biological model of abnormality.
9. The Cognitive Model in Psychology and Abnormal Functioning
Everyone has thoughts and beliefs. But how do those thoughts affect your mental health? In this lesson, we'll seek an answer to that question in the cognitive model of abnormal psychology and look closer at the A-B-C theory of processing.
10. Psychological Evaluations & the Law: Competency to Stand Trial and the Insanity Defense
Psychology and the law intersect in many ways. In this lesson, we'll look at two important parts of a trial that forensic psychologists participate in: competency hearings and the insanity defense.
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Other chapters within the AP Psychology: Exam Prep course
- AP Psychology: History and Development of Modern Psychology
- AP Psychology: Research Methods Used in the Study of Psychology
- AP Psychology: Intelligence Testing
- AP Psychology: Biology in Psychology
- AP Psychology: The 5 Senses & Psychology
- AP Psychology: Sleep and Other States of Consciousness
- AP Psychology: Learning & Conditioning
- AP Psychology: Memory & Cognition
- AP Psychology: Emotion
- AP Psychology: Motivation in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Child Development in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Personality Development and Theories
- AP Psychology: Study of Social Psychology
- AP Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- AP Psychology: Test Strategy
- AP Psychology Flashcards