Ch 5: Absolute Monarchs in Europe

About This Chapter

Watch engaging and quick videos to learn about the absolute monarchs of Europe, beginning in the 17th century. Use the quizzes that come with each lesson for self assessment.

Absolute Monarchs In Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Study the empires and leaders of Europe, starting with mid-17th century empires through the Spanish Golden Age. The fun and concise videos in this chapter explore the rise of Austria and decline of Spain, Russia's origins and the 30 Years' War. Get an introduction to key figures of this period, including Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great and Louis XIV. When you've watched all the lessons in this chapter, you'll understand:

  • Timeline of Prussia's creation
  • Competing powers in Spain
  • Expansion of France
  • Westernization of Russia
  • English Civil War
  • Great Britain's creation

Video Objective
Old Empires in the Mid-17th Century: History, Timeline & Characteristics Delve into the Central and Eastern European empires and their characteristics. Get details on the Ottoman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire.
The Rise of Austria & Strengthening of the Hapsburg Monarchy: Lesson & Quiz Summarize Austria's rise to power, and describe the leaders and government of this state as well as its expansion.
The Creation of Prussia: History & Timeline Study the Prussian military and leaders and outline the events that led to Prussia's creation.
The Decline of Spain & Emergence of Competing Powers: History & Quiz Find out why Spain's power declined. Witness the fight to replace Spain as Europe's leading power.
The Rise of the Dutch Republic & Their Golden Age: History & Timeline Examine the Dutch Republic's fight for independence and rise to power. Observe the practices that caused their Golden Age.
The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence Explore the changes made under Louis XIV's reign. Determine why he was considered the most influential leader of early France.
French Expansion Under Louis XIV: Conflicts, Lesson & Quiz Analyze the wars and territorial claims that Louis XIV used to expand his kingdom.
The 30 Years War: Catholics vs. Protestants Get the details on this religious war and its many phases.
Westphalia and Peace of Augsburg: States' Rise to Sovereignty and Decline of the Empire Discover the events that led to the decline of the Holy Roman Empire. Describe the states' rise to power.
Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia Study the violent acts of this leader of Russia. Learn about his accomplishments and his influence on the future of Russia.
Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts, History & Quiz Explore the reign of Peter the Great and assess the government policies and reforms he initiated.
The English Civil War: Summary, Causes, Effects & Timeline Examine the causes of the English Civil War and get an overview of the events that took place during the war.
The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy Detail the events that led to Cromwell's rise.
The Restoration of a Limited Monarchy in England: Definition & History Discover the reasons Charles II was restored to the throne and the lasting impact of the constitutional monarchy.
The Creation of Great Britain & The English Bill of Rights Explore the events of the Glorious Revolution and events that led to Great Britain's creation.
The Partition of Poland: History, Timeline & Causes Outline the reasons for Poland's collapse and partitioning.
The Spanish Golden Age: Growth of Power & the Arts Study Charles V's empire, Philip II's role in Spain's growth of power and the arts and culture of the Spanish Golden Age.

16 Lessons in Chapter 5: Absolute Monarchs in Europe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Old Empires in the Mid-17th Century: History, Timeline & Characteristics

1. Old Empires in the Mid-17th Century: History, Timeline & Characteristics

During the 17th century, major empires controlled Central and Eastern Europe: the Holy Roman Empire, Poland, and the Ottoman Empire. Explore the history and characteristics of these old empires and a timeline of each empire's rule.

The Rise of Austria & Strengthening of the Hapsburg Monarchy

2. The Rise of Austria & Strengthening of the Hapsburg Monarchy

In the mid-17th century, the Hapsburg family in Austria focused control over their individual state instead of their part in the Holy Roman Empire. Learn about the Peace of Westphalia, the rule of Leopold I, control of Hungary, the Ottoman Sars, Westward Expansion, and Austria under Charles VI.

The Creation of Prussia: History & Timeline

3. The Creation of Prussia: History & Timeline

From the 17th to 18th centuries, Prussian rulers consolidated power, made improvements, and strengthened the military. Explore the creation and historical timeline of Prussia, and understand the Hohenzollern family's role in its rise from divided states to a major power.

The Decline of Spain & Emergence of Competing Powers

4. The Decline of Spain & Emergence of Competing Powers

In the 17th century, Spain was the most powerful country in Europe, but its status began to decline due to a series of bad decisions by its kings caused bureaucratic and economic issues. Learn how engaging in ill-advised wars led to the decline of Spain and the emergence of competing powers in Europe, such as France, Great Britain, and the Dutch Republic.

The Rise of the Dutch Republic & Their Golden Age: History & Timeline

5. The Rise of the Dutch Republic & Their Golden Age: History & Timeline

During the 16th century, the Dutch Republic emerged as a powerful economic entity and the time is known as the Dutch Golden Age. Learn how the Dutch Republic fought for its independence from Habsburg Spain to achieve economic growth, external expansion, and success in society and the arts.

The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence

6. The Reign of Louis XIV in France: Accomplishments & Influence

King Louis XIV was one of the most influential kings in French history. Learn about his reign, how he handled the Fronde rebellions and centralized the monarch's authority, and then explore the French court and culture of the era.

French Expansion Under Louis XIV: Conflicts & Overview

7. French Expansion Under Louis XIV: Conflicts & Overview

French expansion under Louis XIV involved Louis' efforts to increase territory for the French throne. Explore an overview of the French expansion and learn about 17th-century France, the War of Devolution, the Dutch Wars, the War of the Grand Alliance, and the War of Spanish Succession.

The 30 Years' War: Catholics vs. Protestants

8. The 30 Years' War: Catholics vs. Protestants

The 30 Years' War ended with the Peace of Westphalia and the diminished power of the Habsburg Dynasty. Learn about this war between Catholics and Protestants by following a timeline of its four phases: Bohemian, Danish, Swedish, and French.

Westphalia and Peace of Augsburg: States' Rise to Sovereignty and Decline of the Empire

9. Westphalia and Peace of Augsburg: States' Rise to Sovereignty and Decline of the Empire

During the Reformation, several events throughout Europe challenged the power and domination of the Holy Roman Empire. Learn about concessions made to Protestant demands by the Holy Roman Empire as a result of treaties called the Peace of Augsburg and the Peace of Westphalia, and discover how it led to the rise of state sovereignty and the decline of the empire.

Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia

10. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia

Ivan the Terrible was one of Russia's most controversial rulers. Learn more about Ivan's reign as the first tsar and how he made Russia into a centralized, militant empire.

Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History

11. Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History

Peter the Great was a Russian monarch who implemented various projects that ultimately led to the westernization of Russia. Learn about the early life of Czar Peter I and significant facts about the history of Peter the Great's westernization of Russia.

The English Civil War: Summary, Causes, Effects & Timeline

12. The English Civil War: Summary, Causes, Effects & Timeline

The English Civil War began a historical precedent in the way the monarchs are seen in Western Europe. In this lesson, explore a summary of the causes, effects, and timeline of the war, including some background information, Charles' Era of Personal Rule, the First and Second Phases, and the aftermath.

The Restoration of a Limited Monarchy in England: Definition & History

13. The Restoration of a Limited Monarchy in England: Definition & History

Restoring the form of government in England to a limited monarchy occurred during the 17th century. An alternating power struggle between monarchy versus parliamentary rule ensued over decades of civil and political unrest. Learn about the ousting and execution of King Charles I, and the rise and fall of both the Rump Parliament and Protectorate.

The Creation of Great Britain & The English Bill of Rights

14. The Creation of Great Britain & The English Bill of Rights

During the Stuart period (1600s to early 1700s), the Parliament was vital to the creation of Great Britain. Explore the key events, such as the Glorious Revolution in England, English Bill of Rights, and Act of Union, and important figures, including James II and William.

The Partition of Poland: History, Timeline & Causes

15. The Partition of Poland: History, Timeline & Causes

By the late 18th century, Poland was partitioned three times and into non-existence by the three major European powers: Russia, Prussia, and Austria. Explore the historical background, causes, and timeline of the three-part Partition of Poland.

The Spanish Golden Age: Growth of Power & the Arts

16. The Spanish Golden Age: Growth of Power & the Arts

The Spanish Golden Age was characterized by the growth of power and a flourishing of the arts. Explore this period in Spain's history under the reigns of Charles V and Philip II, and identify their contributions that brought about this golden age.

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