About This Chapter
Standard: Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums (e.g., a person's life story in both print and multimedia), determining which details are emphasized in each account. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.7)
About This Chapter
Students who have developed strong abilities in these skills will adroitly maneuver the differences between news and current event information across several media, understanding that the author's goal is reflected in the copy and that there are many ways to tell a single story. They will have a strong analytical mien when approaching individual accounts of an event and will value multiple-source research. Specifically, in this chapter your students will learn about:
- The myriad media in which factual information can be told
- Differences in how nonfiction accounts may be analyzed
- Methods of comparing texts and documentaries on a single topic
Students will exhibit competence in these topics as they actively seek out confirmation of authors' claims in research and reject single-source validations. They will be able to actively read into the gaps in information to seek objective truths and possible author proclivities in manipulating data to meet independent goals. Further, they will make choices on presentation media which reflect a consideration of a given medium's strengths or weaknesses in portraying certain kinds of information.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Get started in using these video lessons in your instruction with these simple activity and homework ideas.
Investigating Media Bias
After watching the videos in class, assign students homework in analyzing various accounts of a current event which is being discussed across several media. At a minimum, they should present three different accounts of the story from three different media (e.g. blog, newspaper, magazine, radio, newscast, documentary, etc.). They can employ analytical tools such as a crosswalk table which compares/contrasts media, focus of the story, audience, and an evaluation of whether the story seemed to stray from the facts of the story (and why), among other information. For added classroom interaction, choose the event for your students and have them discuss their findings in small groups the following day.
How Would You Tell It?
In an extension of the previous activity or an activity all its own, give your students a subject to describe from current events, preferably providing only the important details without source-specific spin or extraneous information. Have students decide which medium they would choose to tell the story and why. Have them outline or storyboard the piece to show how they would order the information and what kind of story they are telling with it.
As a small group exercise, have students decide on a local topic which they can investigate and create a short video on. They should demonstrate all steps of the process: deciding on a topic, conducting relevant research, outlining and storyboarding the film, collecting video with narration, and editing the final product. Present each group's video in class.
1. In What Other Ways Can Factual Stories be Told?
This lesson explores a variety of interactive and audiovisual media that can be used to tell factual stories. We will learn about nonfiction graphic novel and discover how podcasts and documentary television shows present nonfiction narratives.
2. How Nonfiction Accounts Are Analyzed
Stella Liebeck was made famous by her lawsuit against McDonald's in the early 1990s, but the initial media coverage of her story lacked the appropriate analysis to uncover details that would have elicited a different reaction among the population.
3. Comparing Written Texts & Documentaries of the Same Subject
This lesson compares documentaries and texts using examples from both media. We will identify medium-specific conventions in film, novels, memoirs, and other historical accounts to see how documentaries and texts present facts in different ways.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 9-10: Standards course
- Informational Text for Common Core ELA - Informational Text 9-10
- Citing Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
- Central Idea & Summarizing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
- Nonfiction Analysis: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3
- Word Choice & Tone: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
- Figurative & Technical Language: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
- Idea Development: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
- Author's Purpose & Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
- Argumentative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
- Analyzing Seminal U.S. Documents: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9