Ch 11: Acids and Bases Overview for the MCAT: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Acids and Bases chapter of this MCAT Prep Help and Review course is the simplest way to master acids and bases. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of acids and bases for the MCAT.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering MCAT material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to prepare for the MCAT. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding how to make calculations involving acid-base reactions
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about acids and bases for the MCAT
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Acids and Bases Overview for the MCAT chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Acids and Bases Overview for the MCAT chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any acids and bases question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in an acids and bases unit of a standard science course. Topics covered include:

  • The Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids and bases
  • The definition of acids and bases according to Lewis
  • The Arrhenius definition of acids and bases
  • Auto-ionization and the Kw constant
  • Acid-base reactions and neutralization
  • Weak bases, weak acids and buffers
  • Acid-base equilibrium and acid-base buffers
  • Titration of a strong acid or base
  • Titration curves and pH calculations

10 Lessons in Chapter 11: Acids and Bases Overview for the MCAT: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Acids and Bases

1. Acids and Bases

Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.

The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

2. The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

Learn the Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions of an acid and base. Discover how these theories differ from each other and from the Arrhenius theory of an acid and base. Learn how to identify an acid in terms of proton donation and a base as a proton acceptor, and explain what a conjugate acid or base is.

The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

3. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.

Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

4. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

From this lesson, you will understand the neutralization process between acids and bases. Learn how a hydroxide ion from a base reacts with a hydronium ion from an acid to neutralize each other and form water. Discover what conjugate acids and bases are and what the definition of amphoteric is.

Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

5. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

Learn the meaning of auto-ionization of water, sometimes called self-ionization, where water acts as a proton donor and acceptor to form both hydronium and hydroxide ions. Learn what the auto-ionization constant is and how to use it to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution when given the other value.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

6. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.

Acid-Base Equilibrium: Calculating the Ka or Kb of a Solution

7. Acid-Base Equilibrium: Calculating the Ka or Kb of a Solution

In this lesson, you will review acid and base strength and acid and base dissociation. You will then learn what acid and base dissociation constants (Ka and Kb) are, what they mean, and how to perform calculations involving them.

Acid-Base Buffers: Calculating the pH of a Buffered Solution

8. Acid-Base Buffers: Calculating the pH of a Buffered Solution

Learn what a buffer is, how it works, and why we benefit from having our blood buffered. Learn how to calculate the pH of a buffered solution before an acid or base is added and how the pH changes after an acid or base is added.

Titration of a Strong Acid or a Strong Base

9. Titration of a Strong Acid or a Strong Base

Discover what titration is and how to calculate the concentration of an acid or base that has been titrated to equivalence. Learn the meaning of titrant, standard solution and equivalence point. Study titration curves and learn how to determine pH during any point of a titration between a strong acid and strong base.

Titrations with Weak Acids or Weak Bases

10. Titrations with Weak Acids or Weak Bases

Learn about titrations with weak acids or weak bases in this lesson. Study their titration curves and learn about some of their important characteristics. Learn how to calculate pH during titrations involving weak acids and strong bases.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MCAT Prep: Help and Review course

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