Ch 11: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions - AP Chemistry: Homeschool Curriculum

About This Chapter

The Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions unit of this AP Chemistry Homeschool course is designed to help homeschooled students learn about types of reactions in chemistry. Parents can use the short videos to introduce topics, break up lessons and keep students engaged.

Who's it for?

This unit of our AP Chemistry Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about reactions in chemistry. There is no faster or easier way to learn about basic chemical reactions. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the pH scale, buffers, weak bases, neutralization and oxidation numbers.
  • Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
  • Homeschool parents who need a chemistry curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
  • Gifted students and students with learning differences.

How it works:

  • Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
  • Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
  • Short quizzes and an Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.

Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions Unit Objectives:

  • Learn the difference between decomposition and simple synthesis reactions.
  • Define and find uses for bases and acids according to the Arrhenius Theory.
  • Identify the Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis acids and bases.
  • Understand the neutralization process as it pertains to acid-base reactions.
  • Learn how to calculate concentration levels and explain autoionization.
  • Understand the scope and purpose of the pH scale.
  • Examine the basic or acidic nature of salt.
  • Review the meanings of buffers, weak acids and weak bases.
  • Define base and acid anhydrides.
  • Gain an understanding of coordinated compound bonds.
  • Be able to predict precipitates.
  • Learn to assign oxidation numbers.
  • Discover how to balance redox equations and recognize reducing and oxidizing agents.
  • Review the activity series process in order to foresee the outcomes of single replacement reactions.
  • Learn the parts of electrochemical cells.
  • Examine anode and cathode half-cell reactions.
  • See how to write and balance combustion reactions.

18 Lessons in Chapter 11: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions - AP Chemistry: Homeschool Curriculum
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions

1. Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions

Elements and compounds multiply and new compounds form through the processes of decomposition and synthesis reactions. Learn about these reactions, understand how they occur, and explore their equations.

The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

2. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

The Arrhenius definition of acids and bases is based on compounds that produce either hydrogen ions or hydroxide ions respectively in a solution. Discover the differences between Arrhenius acids and Arrhenius bases and between strong and weak acids and bases.

The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

3. The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

Chemist Johannes Bronsted and scientist Thomas Lowry proposed that an acid should be defined as a substance that can donate a proton, while a base is any substance that can accept protons. American chemist G.N. Lewis proposed a different theory. Learn about three popular scientific definitions of acids and bases.

Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

4. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

Ions and molecules may experience neutralization and acid-base reactions. Learn about these processes and the Bronsted-Lowry definition of conjugate acid and conjugate base, and explore the definitions of amphoteric and neutral as they pertain to pH.

Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

5. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

The autoionization constant is used to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution. Explore autoionization of water, the Kw constant, and how to determine concentrations of ions.

The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

6. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

In chemistry, the pH scale is used to measure acidity on a scale of 0-6 for acids, 7 for neutral, and 8-14 to represent basic. Take an in-depth look into calculating the pH of a solution, and explore the role of hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations in this process.

Acidic & Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation & Examples

7. Acidic & Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation & Examples

A salt solution can be deemed acidic, basic, or neutral depending on the pH, which affects the ions that it interacts with. Learn about salt solutions by understanding salt at a molecular level, and the effect of pH on salt solutions.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

8. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

Hydrogen ions, given away by acids, can be strong or weak acids. Learn more about weak acids, weak bases, buffers, conjugate acid bases, and the roles of acidity constant and pKa.

Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples

9. Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples

Anhydrides are chemical molecules that can react with water and produce acid or a base. Learn more about the definition of acid and base anhydrides and the formulas of examples, such as sulfuric acid and calcium oxide, respectively.

Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

10. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

Coordination chemistry studies compounds with central atoms that are surrounded by ligands. Explore coordination chemistry and learn about bonding in coordinated compounds, and recognizing the shapes of coordinated compounds.

Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

11. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

A precipitation reaction is a process during which two reactants form a precipitate. Discover what precipitates are, and learn about the solubility rules, net ionic equations, and examples of net ionic equations and their role in predicting precipitates.

Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples

12. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples

Redox reactions or oxidation-reduction reactions are chemical reactions that involve the transfer of electrons from one reactant to another. Learn about the process of oxidation-reduction reactions and find different examples of reactions between oxidizing and reducing agents.

Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula

13. Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula

Oxidation is an important part of chemical reactions. Learn about oxidation, as well as oxidation number rules, and assign oxidation numbers to elements in a chemical formula, including neutral compounds and ions.

Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

14. Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

A redox reaction is a chemical reaction that involves a transfer of electrons and changes in oxidation number. Learn about redox reactions, and identify oxidizing and reducing agents, and explore the process to write and balance a redox reaction equation.

The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions

15. The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions

A single displacement reaction is when an element in a compound is replaced by a similar element. An activity series is an organized list that describes how each element reacts with other elements. Learn about single displacement reactions, activity series, and how to use an activity series table to predict the products of single displacement reactions.

Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry

16. Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry

Electrochemical cells are part of electrochemistry. Explore the parts of an electrochemical cell, the definition of an electrochemical cell diagram, the functions of the anode and the cathode, and how to make a homemade battery.

Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions

17. Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions

Electrochemical reactions are comprised of two half-reactions, anode electrode & cathode electrode, that are added together to produce the full cell reaction. Learn about electrode half-reactions, corrosion, and how to use half-reaction formulas to calculate cell voltage potential.

Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions

18. Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions

A combustion reaction occurs when a substance reacts with oxygen and releases a large quantity of energy in light and heat form. Learn how to write and balance equations for combustion reactions.

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