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Ch 8: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions: Homeschool Curriculum

About This Chapter

The Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions unit of this High School Physical Science Homeschool course is designed to help homeschooled students learn about acids, bases and chemical reactions. Parents can use the short videos to introduce topics, break up lessons and keep students engaged.

Who's it for?

This unit of our High School Physical Science Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about acid-base reactions. There is no faster or easier way to learn about physical science. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn to define and identify Bronsted-Lowry bases and acids.
  • Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
  • Homeschool parents who need a physical science curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
  • Gifted students and students with learning differences.

How it works:

  • Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
  • Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
  • Short quizzes and an Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.

Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions Unit Objectives:

  • Discover how to predict the products of simple synthesis.
  • Explain the dissociation constant and the autoionization of water.
  • Learn to write net ionic equations.
  • Explain how bonding occurs in coordination compounds.
  • Identify reducing and oxidizing agents.
  • Predict the products of single displacement reactions.
  • Write and balance combustion reactions.
  • Assign oxidation numbers to elements.

15 Lessons in Chapter 8: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions: Homeschool Curriculum
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions

1. Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions

Learn how to write, identify and predict the products of simple synthesis and decomposition reactions. This includes the composition of reactions with oxygen, of two metals, and of metals with nonmetals, as well as the decomposition of metal carbonates, metal chlorates and metal hydroxides.

The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

2. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.

The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

3. The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

Learn the Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions of an acid and base. Discover how these theories differ from each other and from the Arrhenius theory of an acid and base. Learn how to identify an acid in terms of proton donation and a base as a proton acceptor, and explain what a conjugate acid or base is.

Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

4. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions

From this lesson, you will understand the neutralization process between acids and bases. Learn how a hydroxide ion from a base reacts with a hydronium ion from an acid to neutralize each other and form water. Discover what conjugate acids and bases are and what the definition of amphoteric is.

Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

5. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water

Learn the meaning of auto-ionization of water, sometimes called self-ionization, where water acts as a proton donor and acceptor to form both hydronium and hydroxide ions. Learn what the auto-ionization constant is and how to use it to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution when given the other value.

The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

6. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

Learn the history of the pH scale, how to describe it and why it is used by scientists. Discover how to calculate the pH of an acid or base solutions given either the hydroxide ion concentration or the hydronium ion concentration. Learn how to start with the pH and calculate the hydroxide and hydronium ion concentrations.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

7. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.

Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

8. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.

Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

9. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

Learn what a precipitate is and predict when it will form in an aqueous chemical reaction, usually a double-replacement reaction. Learn what an ionic equation is, how it differs from a net ionic equation and how to write a net ionic equation.

Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula

10. Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula

Learn the importance of oxidation in chemical reactions. Discover the rules for assigning oxidation numbers in both covalent compounds and ionic compounds. Learn how to assign the oxidation number for each element in a chemical formula.

Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

11. Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

Learn how to identify an oxidizing agent and a reducing agent and how the loss or gain of electrons applies to each one. Learn the relationship between an oxidized or reduced substance and the oxidizing or reducing agent associated with it. Discover what steps to take to balance a redox reaction.

The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions

12. The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions

Discover what a single replacement reaction is and how to identify it. Learn what chemical activity is, how that applies to an activity series table and how to predict the product of a single replacement reaction by referring to the activity series.

Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry

13. Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry

Learn to identify the parts of and be able to describe an electrochemical cell, including the electrolyte, electrodes, anodes, and cathodes. Learn how to make a homemade lemon battery and how to diagram an electrochemical cell that will light a light bulb.

Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions

14. Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions

Learn how to write electrode half-reactions for cathodes and anodes. Discover how to calculate cell voltage potential when given a table of standard electrode potentials. Learn how to prevent corrosion using redox concepts and how to protect metal by cathodic protection.

Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions

15. Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions

Discover what a combustion reaction is as well as what reactants are needed and what products are produced. Learn to write and balance a combustion reaction. Through the concepts of bond energies, learn how to explain why combustion reactions are largely exothermic.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the High School Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum course

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