About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school chemistry material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn chemistry. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in their understanding of the pH scale and acids, bases and reactions
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about acids, bases and reactions
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Acids, Bases and Reactions chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know; review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Acids, Bases and Reactions chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about acids, bases and reactions. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in the acids, bases and reactions unit of a standard high school chemistry course. Topics covered include:
- Acid and base definitions
- Simple decomposition and synthesis reactions
- Types of reactions
1. Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions
Learn how to write, identify and predict the products of simple synthesis and decomposition reactions. This includes the composition of reactions with oxygen, of two metals, and of metals with nonmetals, as well as the decomposition of metal carbonates, metal chlorates and metal hydroxides.
2. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.
3. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions
From this lesson, you will understand the neutralization process between acids and bases. Learn how a hydroxide ion from a base reacts with a hydronium ion from an acid to neutralize each other and form water. Discover what conjugate acids and bases are and what the definition of amphoteric is.
4. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water
Learn the meaning of auto-ionization of water, sometimes called self-ionization, where water acts as a proton donor and acceptor to form both hydronium and hydroxide ions. Learn what the auto-ionization constant is and how to use it to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution when given the other value.
5. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution
Learn the history of the pH scale, how to describe it and why it is used by scientists. Discover how to calculate the pH of an acid or base solutions given either the hydroxide ion concentration or the hydronium ion concentration. Learn how to start with the pH and calculate the hydroxide and hydronium ion concentrations.
6. Acidic & Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation & Examples
In this video lesson, you will learn how to tell if a salt solution is acidic, basic, or neutral. You will find out how to recognize the effect of individual ions in solution and how they can change the pH. A short quiz will test your knowledge.
7. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
8. Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples
In this video lesson, you will learn the definition and the types of anhydrides that form acids and bases in water. You will also discover where you can commonly find anhydrides and why they are important. A short quiz will test your knowledge.
9. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds
Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.
10. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations
Learn what a precipitate is and predict when it will form in an aqueous chemical reaction, usually a double-replacement reaction. Learn what an ionic equation is, how it differs from a net ionic equation and how to write a net ionic equation.
11. Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula
Learn the importance of oxidation in chemical reactions. Discover the rules for assigning oxidation numbers in both covalent compounds and ionic compounds. Learn how to assign the oxidation number for each element in a chemical formula.
12. Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Learn how to identify an oxidizing agent and a reducing agent and how the loss or gain of electrons applies to each one. Learn the relationship between an oxidized or reduced substance and the oxidizing or reducing agent associated with it. Discover what steps to take to balance a redox reaction.
13. The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions
Discover what a single replacement reaction is and how to identify it. Learn what chemical activity is, how that applies to an activity series table and how to predict the product of a single replacement reaction by referring to the activity series.
14. Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry
Learn to identify the parts of and be able to describe an electrochemical cell, including the electrolyte, electrodes, anodes, and cathodes. Learn how to make a homemade lemon battery and how to diagram an electrochemical cell that will light a light bulb.
15. Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions
Learn how to write electrode half-reactions for cathodes and anodes. Discover how to calculate cell voltage potential when given a table of standard electrode potentials. Learn how to prevent corrosion using redox concepts and how to protect metal by cathodic protection.
16. Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions
Discover what a combustion reaction is as well as what reactants are needed and what products are produced. Learn to write and balance a combustion reaction. Through the concepts of bond energies, learn how to explain why combustion reactions are largely exothermic.
17. Acid Chloride: Formation & Reaction
Acid chlorides are compounds created from a very interesting reaction. Explore acid chlorides: learn about the mechanism required to perform this reaction and their role in the formation of anhydrides.
18. What is Pyruvate? - Definition & Overview
Pyruvate is a very important biological molecule. It's involved in a number of biological processes and is essential in cellular respiration. In this lesson, we'll learn what pyruvate is and why it's important to all living cells.
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Other chapters within the High School Chemistry: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Chemistry: Help and Review
- Measurement and Problem Solving: Help and Review
- Experimental Laboratory Chemistry: Help and Review
- What Is Matter? - Help and Review
- Understanding Atomic Structure: Help and Review
- The Periodic Table of Elements: Help and Review
- The Representative Elements of the Periodic Table: Help and Review
- Nuclear Chemistry & Radioactive Decay: Help and Review
- Bonding: Help and Review
- Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids: Help and Review
- Gases in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Solutions in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations: Help and Review
- Equilibrium in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Chemistry Kinetics: Help and Review
- Thermodynamics in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Organic Chemistry Basics: Help and Review
- Chemistry of DNA and RNA: Help and Review
- Chemistry of DNA Replication: Help and Review
- Overview of Chemistry & Matter
- Intro to Scientific Measurement
- Basics of Atoms, Elements & the Periodic Table
- Building Chemical Compounds
- Mass Relationships for Molecules & Compounds
- Chemical Reactions & Quantities
- Chemical Reactions in Solutions
- Properties of Aqueous Solutions
- Energy & Thermochemistry
- Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Intro to Chemical Bonding
- Nuclear Reactions in Chemistry
- Intermolecular Forces, Liquids & Solids
- Physical Properties of Solutions
- Chemical Reactions, Rate Laws & Constants
- Principles of Chemical Equilibrium
- Acids, Bases, Water & Salts
- Solubility Equilibria
- Spontaneity of Reactions
- Electrochemistry, Voltaic Cells & Thermodynamics