About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Acids and Bases chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions; |
Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases;
Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions;
Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water
| Defining and identifying a simple synthesis reaction; |
The definitions of and contrasts between them;
An explanation of the process of neutralization;
Formula for determining the concentration of ions in a solution
|Tuesday|| The pH Scale: Calculating the pH or pOH of a Solution; |
Acidic and Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation and Examples;
Weak Acids, Weak Bases and Buffers
| How scientists use the pH scale; |
Exploring the differences between these solutions;
The characteristics of weak acids and bases
|Wednesday|| Acid and Base Anhydrides: Definition and Examples; |
Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinating Compounds;
Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations
| Providing examples of acid and base anhydrides; |
Discovering what coordinated compounds are and how they are utilized;
Working with precipitate reactions and ionic equations
|Thursday|| Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula; |
Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents;
The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions
| The rules for working with oxidation numbers; |
An outline of the necessary steps;
Defining and identifying single displacement and replacement reactions
|Friday|| Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry; |
Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions;
Writing and Balancing Combustible Reactions
| Understanding the parts and purpose of these cells; |
Writing combined half-reaction formulas;
Defining combustible reactions and writing and balancing the equations
1. Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions
Learn how to write, identify and predict the products of simple synthesis and decomposition reactions. This includes the composition of reactions with oxygen, of two metals, and of metals with nonmetals, as well as the decomposition of metal carbonates, metal chlorates and metal hydroxides.
2. Decomposition Lesson Plan
Use this lesson plan to teach your students about the chemical reaction of decomposition. Students will read a text lesson defining the term and showing examples, then complete a lab to demonstrate understanding. Finish with a quiz to test understanding.
3. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.
4. Properties of Acids & Bases Lesson Plan
Some of the most crucial reactions that occur in the biological and chemical world happen between acids and bases. This lesson plan helps your students understand what makes an acid an acid and what makes a base a base.
5. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions
From this lesson, you will understand the neutralization process between acids and bases. Learn how a hydroxide ion from a base reacts with a hydronium ion from an acid to neutralize each other and form water. Discover what conjugate acids and bases are and what the definition of amphoteric is.
6. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water
Learn the meaning of auto-ionization of water, sometimes called self-ionization, where water acts as a proton donor and acceptor to form both hydronium and hydroxide ions. Learn what the auto-ionization constant is and how to use it to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution when given the other value.
7. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution
Learn the history of the pH scale, how to describe it and why it is used by scientists. Discover how to calculate the pH of an acid or base solutions given either the hydroxide ion concentration or the hydronium ion concentration. Learn how to start with the pH and calculate the hydroxide and hydronium ion concentrations.
8. Acidic & Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation & Examples
In this video lesson, you will learn how to tell if a salt solution is acidic, basic, or neutral. You will find out how to recognize the effect of individual ions in solution and how they can change the pH. A short quiz will test your knowledge.
9. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
10. Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples
In this video lesson, you will learn the definition and the types of anhydrides that form acids and bases in water. You will also discover where you can commonly find anhydrides and why they are important. A short quiz will test your knowledge.
11. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds
Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.
12. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations
Learn what a precipitate is and predict when it will form in an aqueous chemical reaction, usually a double-replacement reaction. Learn what an ionic equation is, how it differs from a net ionic equation and how to write a net ionic equation.
13. Precipitation Lesson Plan
What is precipitation and how does it form? This lesson plan uses both text and video lessons to explain the process of precipitation. An activity allows students to delve deeper into the different manifestations of precipitation.
14. Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula
Learn the importance of oxidation in chemical reactions. Discover the rules for assigning oxidation numbers in both covalent compounds and ionic compounds. Learn how to assign the oxidation number for each element in a chemical formula.
15. Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Learn how to identify an oxidizing agent and a reducing agent and how the loss or gain of electrons applies to each one. Learn the relationship between an oxidized or reduced substance and the oxidizing or reducing agent associated with it. Discover what steps to take to balance a redox reaction.
16. The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions
Discover what a single replacement reaction is and how to identify it. Learn what chemical activity is, how that applies to an activity series table and how to predict the product of a single replacement reaction by referring to the activity series.
17. Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry
Learn to identify the parts of and be able to describe an electrochemical cell, including the electrolyte, electrodes, anodes, and cathodes. Learn how to make a homemade lemon battery and how to diagram an electrochemical cell that will light a light bulb.
18. Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions
Learn how to write electrode half-reactions for cathodes and anodes. Discover how to calculate cell voltage potential when given a table of standard electrode potentials. Learn how to prevent corrosion using redox concepts and how to protect metal by cathodic protection.
19. Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions
Discover what a combustion reaction is as well as what reactants are needed and what products are produced. Learn to write and balance a combustion reaction. Through the concepts of bond energies, learn how to explain why combustion reactions are largely exothermic.
20. Combustion Lesson Plan
Explosions help make chemistry exciting. This lesson plan uses a video lesson, hands-on activity, and a video demonstration to illustrate the reactants and products of a combustion reaction.
21. Base in Chemistry: Definition & Example
After this lesson, you will be able to define and describe bases, and explain how they differ from acids. You will learn about real-life examples of bases in action in our bodies and in the environment.
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