About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Tachycardia, bradycardia and heart block||Wolff-Parkinson White syndrome, SVT, ventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation|
|Tuesday||Valvular dysfunctions, inflammatory disorders, high/low blood pressure and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)||Pulmonary, mitral, aortic, tricuspid, stenosis, pericarditis, infective endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, vegetative lesions, hypertension, hypotension, ACE inhibitors and effects of dilated cardiomyopathy|
|Wednesday||Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and heart failure||Compare to DCM, compensatory heart responses to heart failure and right-sided vs. left-sided failure|
|Thursday||Cardiogenic, hypovolemic and septic shock; pericardial effusion||Effects on the kidneys, hypovolemia, sepsis, shock, hypotension, cardiac tamponade, water bottle heart, exudative and transudative|
|Friday||Arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, peripheral arterial disease, peripheral venous disease and heart transplant||Angina, infarct, ischemia, aortic dissection, occlusive arterial disease and the risks of heart transplants|
1. Tachycardia: Types, Causes and Treatment
This lesson will discuss some common and important arrhythmias associated with the heart. Specifically, we'll discuss something known as tachycardia, where it can occur, why it occurs, and how it may be diagnosed and treated.
2. Bradycardia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Being slow is usually not a very good thing, and frankly, it's usually not good when your heart is slow either. Therefore, we will discuss something known as bradycardia, why it occurs, and how it may be diagnosed in this lesson.
3. Heart Block: Different Types and Treatment
We'll dive into an important discussion of a possibly deadly condition known as a heart block. Some are worse than others, and you'll learn about 4 important types in this lesson as well as what they look like on an EKG.
4. Valvular Dysfunctions: Types, Signs & Treatment Options
This lesson will quickly go over four heart valves, their location, what can go wrong with them, and then two detailed examples of how their dysfunction affects the body.
5. Inflammatory Disorders of the Heart
This lesson will discuss inflammatory disorders of the heart, including pericarditis and endocarditis, as well as what they may cause and what significant things may occur during testing.
6. High & Low Blood Pressure: Causes & Treatment
You've certainly come across the two main terms this lesson will discuss when it comes to blood pressure. But can you name the multitude of reasons why they occur physiologically? That's what you'll find out about in this lesson!
7. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, & Prognosis
We will go over an important medical condition known as dilated cardiomyopathy, why it occurs pathologically, what it does to the body physiologically, and how compensatory mechanisms help and hurt the body in this lesson.
8. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment
This lesson will discuss hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and cardiac hypertrophy in general, including what occurs, what the consequences are, and what treatment options exist.
9. Heart Failure: The Left Heart, Lungs, & Etiology
In this first of two lessons, we will cover the main causes, signs, and symptoms of heart failure. We'll also explore the ways that the left side of the heart and the lungs are affected by this condition.
10. Heart Failure: The Right Heart, Kidneys, & Treatments
In the second of two lessons on heart failure, we will discuss the signs of right-sided heart failure, fast heart rates, the important role the kidneys play in heart failure, and the major treatment options for this condition.
11. Cardiogenic Shock: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson, we will take a look at something known as shock, define it, and look at a particular form of it known as cardiogenic shock. We'll discuss what may trigger it, what it does to the body, how the body tries to compensate for it, and how it may be treated.
12. Hypovolemic & Septic Shock: Causes & Treatment
This lesson will go over the pathophysiology of hypovolemic and septic shock. However, we will also cover what distributive, obstructive, neurogenic, anaphylactic, and septic shock are and how they relate to one another.
13. Pericardial Effusion: Causes & Treatment
Can the heart swing inside of your body? Maybe. You'll find out for sure in this lesson as we take a look at the pericardium, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tamponade!
14. Arteriosclerosis & Atherosclerosis: Risk Factors & Causes
This lesson will discuss the interrelationship between atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina, ischemia, and myocardial infarction, diagnostics, and treatments.
15. Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will discuss three main points, including aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection, and peripheral arterial disease. Furthermore, it will go into a big central cause for all three and how they can be detected and treated.
16. Peripheral Venous Disease: Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will discuss numerous cases of peripheral venous disease, including varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, and thrombophlebitis, as well as their causes and treatment options.
17. Heart Transplant: Patients Who Need Them, Risks & Statistics
Heart transplants are really tricky things. This lesson explores the two main reasons for a heart transplant along with the biggest problem that may arise as a result of the procedure itself.
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