About This Chapter
Adjudication of Juvenile Delinquents - Chapter Summary
Follow along with our expert instructors to review fundamental concepts related to the adjudication of juvenile delinquents. These short and informative lessons outline the history of the juvenile justice system, the structure of the juvenile court system, juvenile rights and landmark juvenile court cases. When you're finished with a lesson, try the accompanying self-assessment quiz to make sure you fully understand the material. The chapter is accessible at any time, and you can use any computer or mobile device to study. By the end of the chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Summarize the history of the juvenile justice system, the juvenile court system and the child-saving movement
- Compare juvenile and adult court systems
- Explain the functions of juvenile waivers and adult criminal court transfers
- Understand the purpose of bench trials
- Recognize juvenile legal rights
- Assess U.S. Supreme Court decisions that affected the juvenile justice system
- Outline several court cases, including the In re Gault case of 1967, Kent. vs. the United States, Breed vs. Jones and Graham vs. Florida
- Define the concept of parens patriae
- Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of plea bargains
- Describe the sentencing process for juvenile dispositions
1. History & Evolution of the Juvenile Justice System
In this lesson, we will learn about the history of the juvenile justice system. We will look at the evolution of the system and what contributed to its development.
2. The Child-Saving Movement: History, Goals & Outcomes
At a time when children were treated as adults, the child-saving movement was the voice many children so desperately needed. Child-savers made strides in child labor laws, fighting child abuse, and the development of a juvenile justice system through their activism.
3. Comparison of the Juvenile & Adult Systems of Justice
In this lesson, we will learn about the similarities and differences between the juvenile and adult systems of justice. We will look at the different steps of the justice process and where the differences lie between the two.
4. The Juvenile Court System: History & Structure
In this lesson, we will learn about the history of the juvenile court system. We will look at what the background of the system is, the components and how it works today.
5. Juvenile Waivers & Transfers to Adult Criminal Court
In this lesson, juvenile waivers and transfers to adult criminal court will be discussed. Upon completion, the reader should have a firm grasp of juvenile waivers and the criteria required to transfer a juvenile's case to adult criminal court.
6. Bench Trials in Juvenile Proceedings
In this lesson, you'll learn about the process of bench trials in juvenile proceedings. Upon completion, you should have strong knowledge of this type of proceeding and why it is sometimes deemed appropriate instead of a jury trial.
7. The Legal Rights of Juveniles
In this lesson, we will learn about the legal rights of juveniles in the United States. We will look at the rights awarded to juveniles and how they are applied in society today.
8. Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Impacting the Juvenile Justice System
In this lesson, we will learn about the major US Supreme Court decisions that have impacted the juvenile justice system. We will uncover what those decisions are, what they entailed, and what part of the process they impact.
9. In Re Gault Case of 1967: Summary & Decision
The seminal case 'In re Gault' addressed how due process rights applied to children in order to ensure a fair trial process. This lesson will discuss the Gault case and explain the effects of this ruling on the juvenile justice system.
10. Kent v. United States: Summary
In Kent v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled on the due process rights of juvenile offenders. In this lesson, you will be introduced to the facts of Kent v. United States as well as the holding and analysis of the Supreme Court.
11. Breed v. Jones Case of 1975: Summary
The Breed v. Jones case was a landmark Supreme Court decision about the application of the Double Jeopardy clause in juvenile court proceedings. This lesson discusses the facts of the case, as well as the Supreme Court's analysis and conclusions.
12. Graham v. Florida: Summary & Decision
Learn what the Graham v. Florida Supreme Court case is about. Review a summary of the facts of the case, and then examine the decision and its significance.
13. Parens Patriae in Juvenile Justice: Definition & Doctrine
Learn what constitutes the doctrine of 'parens patriae' in juvenile justice. In addition, review the definition of the doctrine, as well as an example. Test your understanding with a short quiz when you are through.
14. Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons
After you complete this lesson, you should understand what constitutes a plea bargain. You can also learn the process of plea bargaining, as well as the pros and cons of a plea bargain.
15. Juvenile Dispositions: Sentencing Process & Structures
In this lesson, you will learn the various forms of juvenile sentencing, the effects, and desired outcomes. You will understand the process related to sentencing a juvenile who has committed a crime and structures in place for dealing with youthful offenders.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 305: The Juvenile Justice System course