About This Chapter
AEPA General Science: Basic Genetics - Chapter Summary
This chapter has been assembled to help you review the basic principles and laws of genetics. Watch these lesson videos to learn more about Mendel's laws, the roles of alleles and chromosomes, mutations and genetic disorders. These lesson videos are mobile-device friendly and taught by an expert instructor so that you have a versatile and effective way of reviewing:
- Properties of alleles
- Mendel's first and second laws
- Dominance, codominance and incomplete dominance
- Sex linked and sex limited traits
- Chromosomal linkage
- Human genetics
- Random mutation and genetic variability
- Genetic abnormalities and genetic disorders
Lively video lessons and written transcripts comprise this chapter. Follow along as expert instructors outline the above topics in a conversational manner. Short quizzes follow each of these lessons. Use them to test your comprehension of basic genetics. Worksheets containing your quiz results can be printed out so that you have a handy paper resource that you can refer to even when you're on the go.
AEPA General Science: Basic Genetics Chapter Objectives
The AEPA General Science is a computer administered teachers certification exam composed of 150 multiple-choice questions and administered in a three-hour block of time. You are likely to see that one-quarter of this exam will cover topics from the life sciences. Be prepared for some of the questions in this domain to ask you about principles related to genetics.
1. Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes
We view manipulation of genes in our crops and livestock as a recent development. Yet, man has been manipulating the genetic makeup of his food for thousands of years through cultivation and breeding. This lesson will begin to help you understand how genetics works.
2. Properties of Alleles
What is a dominant phenotype and how will it affect Adrian's flying hamster research? Tune in as he studies homozygous and heterozygous genotypes and the phenotypes they produce.
3. Mendel's First Law: The Law of Segregation
Breaking up is a hard thing to do, but homologous chromosomes always go their separate way. What effect does chromosome segregation have on genetics? We look once more to Adrian's flying hamsters for answers.
4. Application of Mendel's First Law
Hollywood Squares? No, it's Punnett Squares! Those wacky diagrams are a geneticist's best friend. See how they turn geneticists into soothsayers, predicting the genotypic and phenotypic future.
5. Mendel's Second Law: The Law of Independent Assortment
Understanding how Mendel's law of independent assortment describes inheritance of genes is as easy as flipping a coin. Grab a few coins, cue up the video and see how.
6. Mendel's Dihybrid Cross Example: Practice & Ratio
Oh no! Twice the genes and sixteen genotypes - a dihybrid cross seems overwhelming to understand. Never fear though, Punnett squares will save the day!
7. Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance
Have you ever wondered what it means if someone is a universal donor or acceptor of blood? See how genetic interactions play a key role in this trait.
8. Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex-Linked and Sex-Limited Traits
More men are color blind compared women. But often, not every brother, cousin or uncle in a family tree is color blind. Why not? How can genetics explain this seemingly complex inheritance pattern?
9. Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results
During this latest development of his flying hamster experiments, Adrian must learn about linked genes and recombinant chromosomes to unlock the mystery of the fire-breathing hamster. In this lesson, you'll look at another exception to Mendel's law of independent assortment.
10. Human Genetics: Multifactorial Traits & Model Organisms
How do we study human genetics when most traits arise from multiple genes? It's certainly more complicated that drawing a simple Punnett square. Never fear, for model organisms are here!
11. Genetic Variability and Random Mutation
Evolution is driven by variation among populations. The amount of variability determines how well a population can adapt to environmental changes, while random mutations can provide new variations that help a population adapt to unexpected changes.
12. Genetic Abnormalities in Human Growth and Development
What are mutations and other chromosome abnormalities? How can these abnormalities affect human development? What are some common genetic disorders and their causes? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.
13. What are Genetic Disorders? - Definitions & Descriptions
This lesson defines genetic disorders and explores three main types of genetic disorders, including monogenetic disorders, chromosome disorders, and multifactorial inheritance disorders. You'll learn about genes, chromosomes, DNA, and much more!
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Other chapters within the AEPA General Science (NT311): Practice & Study Guide course
- General Science: Scientific Inquiry
- General Science: Scientific Laws & Theories
- General Science: Scientific Data & Analysis
- General Science: Laboratory Equipment & Safety
- General Science: Science & Society
- General Science: Science in Daily Life
- General Science: Organization of Matter
- General Science: Characteristics of Matter
- General Science: Atomic Structure
- General Science: Nuclear Chemistry
- General Science: Energy & Matter
- General Science: Simple Compounds & Chemical Formulas
- General Science: Types of Chemical Reactions
- General Science: The Mole Concept
- General Science: The Periodic Table
- General Science: Chemical Reactions
- General Science: Equilibrium
- General Science: Acid-Base Chemistry
- General Science: Solutions & Solubility Factors
- General Science: Physics & Motion
- General Science: Newton's Laws
- General Science: Analyzing Motion
- General Science: Analyzing Forces
- General Science: Electrical Concepts
- General Science: Magnetic Fields & Forces
- General Science: Electromagnetic Spectrum
- General Science: Waves, Optics & Sound
- General Science: Cell Structure & Function
- General Science: Cell Reproduction & Division
- General Science: Biochemistry of Life
- General Science: Characteristics of Living Organisms
- General Science: Plant Structures & Functions
- General Science: The Circulatory System
- General Science: The Nervous System
- General Science: The Immune & Endocrine Systems
- General Science: Other Physiological Systems
- General Science: Reproduction & Development
- General Science: DNA Transcription & Translation Process
- General Science: Genetic Engineering
- General Science: Evolution
- General Science: History of Life
- General Science: Ecosystems
- General Science: Community & Population Ecology
- General Science: Earth Materials
- General Science: Rocks & Minerals
- General Science: Historical Geology
- General Science: Erosion, Weathering & Wasting
- General Science: Earth's Structure & Processes
- General Science: Plate Tectonics
- General Science: The Water Cycle
- General Science: Oceans
- General Science: Glaciers
- General Science: Other Bodies of Water
- General Science: Earth's Atmosphere & Climate
- General Science: Basic Weather Concepts
- General Science: The Solar System
- General Science: Earth, Moon & Sun
- General Science: Characteristics of the Moon
- General Science: The Universe
- General Science: Orbits of Celestial Bodies
- AEPA General Science Flashcards