Ch 56: General Science: Basic Weather Concepts

About This Chapter

In Arizona, the NES General Science exam has replaced the AEPA General Science test. Study the material of this chapter to prepare for questions on the NES General Science exam about the difference between climate and weather, types of air masses and kinds of weather events.

AEPA General Science: Basic Weather Concepts - Chapter Summary

This chapter will review types of weather, climates and air masses. Start this review by watching our professional instructors in a series of short, engaging lesson videos. You will gain a better understanding of the:

  • Difference between weather and climate
  • Types of air masses
  • Effects of pressure gradient forces and the Coriolis effect
  • General circulation of the atmosphere
  • Weather fronts
  • Tornadoes and thunderstorms
  • Cyclones and hurricanes
  • Causes and types of floods

Test your retention of the information presented in these lessons by completing the quizzes that accompany them. Use the results from these assessments to determine what topics you should review further. In your review of these topics, use the video tags to return to the locations of the lessons that discuss them to reinforce your understanding. Alternatively, you can read the lesson transcripts that present written overviews of the lessons and point out the key terms and figures of the chapter.

AEPA General Science: Basic Weather Concepts Objectives

The objective of the National Evaluation Series (NES) General Science is to assess prospective science teachers' mastery over the natural sciences before they are awarded certification. To achieve this objective, this computer-based certification exam asks 150 multiple-choice questions in a three-hour testing session. Of the material covered in this exam, 19% belongs to the study of Earth and space science. Use this series of lessons and assessments to prepare for questions in this domain that ask about basic weather concepts.

12 Lessons in Chapter 56: General Science: Basic Weather Concepts
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Weather vs. Climate: Definition, Differences & Effects

1. Weather vs. Climate: Definition, Differences & Effects

This video lesson will guide you in understanding the difference between climate and weather. Discover how they are different but related and how they are the ways you can describe atmospheric conditions on Earth.

Types of Air Masses & Their Effect on Weather

2. Types of Air Masses & Their Effect on Weather

Air masses affect weather in a number of different ways. In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of air masses found on Earth and how the movement of air masses creates changes in the weather.

Factors That Affect Wind: Pressure Gradient Forces, Coriolis Effect & Friction

3. Factors That Affect Wind: Pressure Gradient Forces, Coriolis Effect & Friction

In this video lesson, you will learn about wind and some factors that affect it, such as air temperature and pressure, the Coriolis effect, and friction. By the end of this lesson, you will also understand how Earth's rotation plays a role in how winds travel.

Weather Variables: Air Pressure, Temperature & Density

4. Weather Variables: Air Pressure, Temperature & Density

Weather is influenced by a number of factors. In this lesson, you will learn about three key variables that control weather and how they work together to do so.

The General Circulation of the Atmosphere

5. The General Circulation of the Atmosphere

The Sahara Desert, tropical rainforests, and cold polar winds are all due to Earth's rotation. In this video lesson, you will learn how this rotation has created global air circulation patterns on Earth and how it is responsible for such diverse climate patterns across the globe.

Understanding Weather Fronts: Types & Their Effect on Weather

6. Understanding Weather Fronts: Types & Their Effect on Weather

In this video lesson you will learn about how air masses with different characteristics create weather fronts. You will also identify the different types of fronts, as well as what type of weather occurs along them.

What Are Tornadoes? - Definition, Causes & The Enhanced Fujita Scale

7. What Are Tornadoes? - Definition, Causes & The Enhanced Fujita Scale

Tornadoes are dangerous storms that affect millions of people. In this video lesson, you will learn how and where they form, as well as how scientists classify tornadoes using the Enhanced Fujita Scale.

What Are Thunderstorms? - Definition, Types & Formation

8. What Are Thunderstorms? - Definition, Types & Formation

Thunderstorms are common all over the world. In this video lesson, you will learn what they are, how they form and how they create thunder and lightning.

What Are Cyclones? - Types, Causes & Effects

9. What Are Cyclones? - Types, Causes & Effects

The word cyclone refers to many different types of storms. In this video lesson you will learn about how cyclones form, what makes each type different, and what their effects are on both people and the environment.

Hurricanes: Types, Formation, Causes & Effects

10. Hurricanes: Types, Formation, Causes & Effects

Hurricanes are dangerous storms that affect millions of people each year. But what are hurricanes and how do they form? In this video lesson you'll learn about where and how hurricanes develop as well as the types of hurricanes that are possible.

The Relationship Between El Nino & La Nina

11. The Relationship Between El Nino & La Nina

In this video lesson, you will learn about El Niño and La Niña. You will understand the differences between them, as well as some of their effects on both ocean waters and weather patterns on land.

What Are Floods? - Causes, Types & Prevention

12. What Are Floods? - Causes, Types & Prevention

In this video lesson, you will study floods, their causes and their effects. You will learn to identify various methods that are used to prevent floods and explore how preventing natural flood cycles can lead to dangerous flood events.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the AEPA General Science (NT311): Practice & Study Guide course

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