About This Chapter
AEPA General Science: Chemical Reactions - Chapter Summary
In Arizona, the AEPA General Science assessment has been replaced by the NES exam. Use the lessons in this chapter to get reacquainted with chemical reactions so you're ready to answer questions on the exam related to the following:
- Analyzing chemical reactions and balancing chemical equations
- Understanding mole-to-mole ratios and calculations of a chemical equation
- Calculating relative qualities in a gas or solution
- Knowing how to limit reactants and calculate excessive reactants
- Describing how to calculate reaction yield and percentage yield from a limiting reactant
- Examining hydrates, endothermic and exothermic reactions and the rate of a chemical reaction
- Reviewing rate constant, rate laws and the rate of a chemical reaction
- Explaining activation energy and reaction mechanisms
Make the resources in this chapter work for you by organizing lessons to meet your studying needs. Watch videos in any sequence and as often as you'd like to absorb lesson concepts at your own pace.
AEPA General Science: Chemical Reactions Chapter Objectives
The NES General Science assessment is a subject knowledge test required for educators in Arizona who want certification in this area of science. The test is computer based and consists of 150 multiple-choice questions. To pass the exam, you must score 220 or greater. Topics covered in this chemical reactions chapter are found in the physical science content domain of the exam, which constitutes approximately 37% of the total test.
Ease the process of preparing for questions on the exam by utilizing self-assessment quizzes in this chapter that reinforce the lessons and prepare you for the types of questions you will encounter. The chapter exam can offer an even broader review of the lessons. If you have any questions about lesson topics, expert tutors and coaches are available to help.
1. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations
In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.
2. Mole-to-Mole Ratios and Calculations of a Chemical Equation
Learn what a mole ratio is and how to determine and write the mole ratio relating two substances in a chemical equation in this video lesson. Also, learn to make mole-to-mole calculations and solve problems involving moles of substances.
3. Mass-to-Mass Stoichiometric Calculations
Learn how to set up and make mole to mass, mass to mole and mass to mass stoichiometric calculations. Learn how the ratios of moles helps you compare and make calculations. Learn how to relate mole ratios to molar mass.
4. Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution
In this lesson, learn about molar volume and how to set up and make stoichiometric calculations with gases. Then learn about solution stoichiometry and how to make stoichiometric calculations with solutions.
5. Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants
In this lesson, you'll learn about limiting and excess reactants and how to determine which reactant is the limiting one in a chemical reaction when given the amount of each reactant, and also how to calculate the amount of product produced.
6. Calculating Reaction Yield and Percentage Yield from a Limiting Reactant
Learn what the theoretical yield, actual yield and percent yield are. Given the limiting reactant, learn how to calculate the theoretical reaction yield, which is also known as the ideal reaction yield and percentage yield.
7. Calculating Percent Composition and Determining Empirical Formulas
Learn the difference between the empirical formula and chemical formula. Learn how to calculate the percent composition of an element in a compound. Learn how, if given a percent composition, to determine the empirical formula for a compound.
8. Hydrates: Determining the Chemical Formula From Empirical Data
Learn the definition of a hydrate and an anhydrate in this lesson. Discover how, when given experimental data, you can determine the formula of a hydrate by following simple steps that include finding the moles of hydrate and anhydrate and comparing the two to write the formula.
9. Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
Explore a chemical reaction at the molecular level. Learn about exothermic and endothermic reactions, what they look like and what happens when they occur. Understand enthalpy and how you can use it to predict whether a reaction will be exothermic or endothermic.
10. Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Modifying Factors
Why are some reactions much faster than others? Is it possible to change how fast a reaction occurs? In this lesson, you will learn what the rate of a chemical reaction is. You will also discover how factors such as temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalysts impact reaction rates.
11. Rate Constant and Rate Laws
Learn what the rate law is and how the rate constant relates to it. Learn what reaction order is and how to determine reaction order when given experimental data containing concentration and reaction rate.
12. Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Effect of Temperature
Learn how temperature affects reaction rates. Discover the rate law as well as how the Arrhenius equation relates to the rate law and predicts the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction.
13. Activation Energy and Catalysts
Learn how to define activation energy and how it relates to a reaction's energy. Learn what an activated complex is and where it fits into an activation energy diagram. Discover how a catalyst works to change the activation energy of a reaction and what this means to metabolism in the body.
14. Reaction Mechanisms and The Rate Determining Step
This lesson explores what a reaction mechanism is and how it relates to the speed of a reaction. You'll discover how to pinpoint the rate-determining step and learn how to write a rate law based on the rate-determining step.
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Other chapters within the AEPA General Science (NT311): Practice & Study Guide course
- General Science: Scientific Inquiry
- General Science: Scientific Laws & Theories
- General Science: Scientific Data & Analysis
- General Science: Laboratory Equipment & Safety
- General Science: Science & Society
- General Science: Science in Daily Life
- General Science: Organization of Matter
- General Science: Characteristics of Matter
- General Science: Atomic Structure
- General Science: Nuclear Chemistry
- General Science: Energy & Matter
- General Science: Simple Compounds & Chemical Formulas
- General Science: Types of Chemical Reactions
- General Science: The Mole Concept
- General Science: The Periodic Table
- General Science: Equilibrium
- General Science: Acid-Base Chemistry
- General Science: Solutions & Solubility Factors
- General Science: Physics & Motion
- General Science: Newton's Laws
- General Science: Analyzing Motion
- General Science: Analyzing Forces
- General Science: Electrical Concepts
- General Science: Magnetic Fields & Forces
- General Science: Electromagnetic Spectrum
- General Science: Waves, Optics & Sound
- General Science: Cell Structure & Function
- General Science: Cell Reproduction & Division
- General Science: Biochemistry of Life
- General Science: Characteristics of Living Organisms
- General Science: Plant Structures & Functions
- General Science: The Circulatory System
- General Science: The Nervous System
- General Science: The Immune & Endocrine Systems
- General Science: Other Physiological Systems
- General Science: Reproduction & Development
- General Science: Basic Genetics
- General Science: DNA Transcription & Translation Process
- General Science: Genetic Engineering
- General Science: Evolution
- General Science: History of Life
- General Science: Ecosystems
- General Science: Community & Population Ecology
- General Science: Earth Materials
- General Science: Rocks & Minerals
- General Science: Historical Geology
- General Science: Erosion, Weathering & Wasting
- General Science: Earth's Structure & Processes
- General Science: Plate Tectonics
- General Science: The Water Cycle
- General Science: Oceans
- General Science: Glaciers
- General Science: Other Bodies of Water
- General Science: Earth's Atmosphere & Climate
- General Science: Basic Weather Concepts
- General Science: The Solar System
- General Science: Earth, Moon & Sun
- General Science: Characteristics of the Moon
- General Science: The Universe
- General Science: Orbits of Celestial Bodies
- AEPA General Science Flashcards