About This Chapter
AEPA: U.S. Politics (1789-1877) - Chapter Summary
This chapter highlights the major economic advancements in the North during the targeted time period as well as slavery in the South. Other lessons in the chapter let you refresh your memory on the following material that may appear on the AEPA Political Science/ American Government test:
- How Jefferson and Hamilton differed
- The presidential elections of 1796 and 1800
- Lincoln winning the presidency and the start of secession
- The first transcontinental railroad
- The fight for women's right to vote
- Key proponents of abolition
- The Emancipation Proclamation
- Manifest Destiny and the Indian Wars
- The Reconstruction period
Check out the brief video lessons covering this material at a time that's good for you on your computer or mobile device. For double-checking your familiarity with the material, all of the lessons come with a short self-assessment quiz.
AEPA: U.S. Politics (1789-1877) - Chapter Objectives
The purpose of the AEPA Political Science/American Government test is to see how your expertise measures up with the educator requirements in Arizona. The exam questions that you'll be answering involving this chapter will have a selected-response format and ask you to pick from a selection of four choices. Test questions based on this chapter's content will stem from the exam's subarea regarding American and Arizona-specific government, which constitutes 58% of the test's questions.
1. Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans
Although President Washington warned against the nation falling into political factions, the different views of the Constitution held by Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists and Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans set the path for the two-party system that the U.S. has today.
2. President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy
The presidential election of 1800 was a rematch between President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. An electoral tie between Jefferson and his running mate forced the House of Representatives to decide. The election inaugurated 24 years of political dominance for the Democratic-Republican Party.
3. Reform Movements of the 19th Century
Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.
4. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution
In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.
5. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response
The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.
6. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery
The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.
7. Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline
Manifest Destiny was a term coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845. It encompassed the idea that the United States was destined to occupy all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
8. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
9. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
10. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
11. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
12. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
13. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
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Other chapters within the AEPA Political Science/American Government (AZ006): Practice & Study Guide course
- AEPA: Political Science Terms & Concepts
- AEPA: Social Science Research Methods
- AEPA: Data Collection & Analysis
- AEPA: Political Thought
- AEPA: Major Political Thinkers
- AEPA: Comparative Government
- AEPA: World Politics
- AEPA: International Relations
- AEPA: International Law & Treaties
- AEPA: Global Issues in Political Science
- AEPA: Foundations of U.S. Government
- AEPA: The U.S. Constitution
- AEPA: Rights of U.S. Citizens
- AEPA: U.S. Legislative Branch
- AEPA: U.S. Executive Branch
- AEPA: Federal Bureaucracy
- AEPA: U.S. Judicial Branch
- AEPA: Political Parties & Elections
- AEPA: U.S. Politics (1878-1945)
- AEPA: U.S. Politics (1946-1979)
- AEPA: U.S. Politics (1980-Present)
- AEPA: U.S. Foreign Policy
- AEPA: Government's Role in the Economy
- AEPA: Media & Culture in U.S. Politics
- AEPA: Interest Groups & Lobbying
- AEPA: Federalism
- AEPA: Arizona State Government
- AEPA: Tribal Governments in Arizona
- AEPA Political Science/American Government Flashcards