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Ch 19: AEPA: U.S. Politics (1789-1877)

About This Chapter

This chapter gives you a review of developments and reform movements that took place in the U.S. between 1789 and 1877. The engaging video lessons will help make sure you're ready for various potential AEPA Political Science/ American Government test questions.

AEPA: U.S. Politics (1789-1877) - Chapter Summary

This chapter highlights the major economic advancements in the North during the targeted time period as well as slavery in the South. Other lessons in the chapter let you refresh your memory on the following material that may appear on the AEPA Political Science/ American Government test:

  • How Jefferson and Hamilton differed
  • The presidential elections of 1796 and 1800
  • Lincoln winning the presidency and the start of secession
  • The first transcontinental railroad
  • The fight for women's right to vote
  • Key proponents of abolition
  • The Emancipation Proclamation
  • Manifest Destiny and the Indian Wars
  • The Reconstruction period

Check out the brief video lessons covering this material at a time that's good for you on your computer or mobile device. For double-checking your familiarity with the material, all of the lessons come with a short self-assessment quiz.

AEPA: U.S. Politics (1789-1877) - Chapter Objectives

The purpose of the AEPA Political Science/American Government test is to see how your expertise measures up with the educator requirements in Arizona. The exam questions that you'll be answering involving this chapter will have a selected-response format and ask you to pick from a selection of four choices. Test questions based on this chapter's content will stem from the exam's subarea regarding American and Arizona-specific government, which constitutes 58% of the test's questions.

13 Lessons in Chapter 19: AEPA: U.S. Politics (1789-1877)
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans

1. Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans

Although President Washington warned against the nation falling into political factions, the different views of the Constitution held by Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists and Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans set the path for the two-party system that the U.S. has today.

President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy

2. President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy

The presidential election of 1800 was a rematch between President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. An electoral tie between Jefferson and his running mate forced the House of Representatives to decide. The election inaugurated 24 years of political dominance for the Democratic-Republican Party.

Reform Movements of the 19th Century

3. Reform Movements of the 19th Century

Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.

Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

4. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.

Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response

5. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response

The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.

Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery

6. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery

The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.

Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline

7. Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline

Manifest Destiny was a term coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845. It encompassed the idea that the United States was destined to occupy all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy

8. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy

Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.

The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

9. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.

President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

10. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.

Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage

11. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage

In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.

The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers

12. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers

As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.

Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

13. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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