About This Chapter
Africa (500-1800 CE)- Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Between 500 and 1800 CE, many factors have contributed to the development and cultural changes of the African people. While the slave trade was a major factor, colonization, the rise and fall of empires, and the trading of other goods have also played key roles. Cultural and religious exchanges with the West and the East have also contributed to the social practices of this country. After finishing this chapter, your students should be able to identify:
- Ecosystems throughout major parts of Africa
- Some of the most significant African trade routes throughout history
- The growth of various empires
- The effects of different religions
- The methods in which traditions are passed down
|The Niger River: Ecosystems & Trade Routes in Africa (12th-16th Centuries)||Identify the connections between trade items (slaves, food, salt, and gold) and the different vegetation zones (savannah, forest, and desert).|
|The Ghana Empire in Africa (830-1235 CE)||Explore how the Ghana Empire began, its pattern of growth, and how it ended.|
|The Mali Empire in Africa (13th-16th Centuries)||Go over the rise and fall of the Mali Empire.|
|States & Cities in West Africa (1000-1300 CE)||Examine how cities and states were developed within West Africa, especially in relationship to the following terms: labor specialization, family, and regional commerce.|
|The Trans-Saharan Caravan Trade, Religion & Culture||Discuss how the trans-Saharan caravan trade caused changes in both the cultural characteristics as well as the religious practices of people in West Africa|
|Islam's Spread in West Africa||Review how the laws, beliefs, and ethics of the Islamic faith influenced West Africa.|
|Arabic Language & Islamic Scholarship Growth in West Africa||Analyze how the Arabic language became a prominent feature of West African government and trade, and identify reasons that explain the growth of Islamic scholarship within this region.|
|Written & Oral Traditions in Africa (500-1800 CE)||Examine how African history and culture is passed down through the use of both oral and written traditions.|
1. The Niger River: Ecosystems & Trade Routes in Africa (12th-16th Centuries)
This lesson explores the history of the Niger River Valley. The lesson highlights the trans-Saharan caravan trade and the cities of Djenne and Timbuktu.
2. The Ghana Empire in Africa (830-1235 CE)
This lesson explores the Ghana Empire of West Africa. In doing so, it highlights the gold and salt trade of the region, which made the empire wealthy. It also discusses the importance of iron smelting and taxation.
3. The Mali Empire in Africa (13th-16th Centuries)
This lesson gives a brief overview of the Mali Empire. It focuses on the rule of Sundiata Keita and the salt and gold trade of the empire. It also highlights the wealth and pilgrimage of the famous Mansu Musa.
4. States & Cities in West Africa (1000-1300 CE)
This lesson will focus on the kingdom states that ruled West Africa during 1000 to 1300 CE. It will focus on the trading empires of Ghana and Mali, as well as the city of Timbuktu.
5. The Trans-Saharan Caravan Trade, Religion & Culture
This lesson explains the history of the trans-Saharan caravan trade. We highlight the Berbers, the role of the camel, and the introduction of Islam to West Africa.
6. Islam's Spread in West Africa
This lesson explains the gradual spread of Islam into West Africa. In doing so, it discusses the influence of the Berbers and the trans-Saharan caravan trade of the Saharan region.
7. Arabic Language & Islamic Scholarship Growth in West Africa
This lesson will focus on the spread of the Islamic faith and Arabic language into Africa. We'll explore Mansa Musa, his pilgrimage, and the University of Timbuktu.
8. Written & Oral Traditions in Africa (500-1800 CE)
This lesson explores the written and oral traditions of pre-modern Africa. It highlights folktales, proverbs, griots and the travelogue known as Rihlah.
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Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Republic
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies
- The Byzantine Empire
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Reformation in Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- The Enlightenment
- Europe and the Age of Exploration