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Ch 23: Africa & the Middle East After 1945

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to explore the events that have affected the continent of Africa and the region of the Middle East since 1945. Verify your comprehension of the chapter material by taking a short quiz after each lesson.

Africa & the Middle East After 1945 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

The peoples of Africa and the Middle East have rich, complex cultures and histories. They've also faced a number of political, economic and social challenges that have had lasting effects; one only needs to watch the news for a day to pick up on that fact. In this chapter, you'll examine the post-World War II events that have shaped countries in Africa as well as in the Middle East. You will learn about the impact of colonization on Africa, the effect of Israel's creation and the causes of Middle East conflict. By the time you finish the video lessons, you'll have knowledge on topics such as:

  • How African colonies were able to gain independence
  • How South Africa was affected by apartheid
  • Why Israel was established after World War II
  • What economic and political factors have influenced the modern Middle East
  • What have been sources of post-WWII conflict in the Middle East

VideoObjective
Important Events in Africa: 1945-PresentExplore post-WWII events in Africa, including fights for independence, and how they've affected the continent in modern times.
Nigeria: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)Learn about the Nigerian culture and the political and economic issues impacting the country since 1945.
The Congo: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)Get details on the post-WWII economic and political challenges faced by the Congo in Africa.
Tanzania: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)Examine Tanzania's culture and the political and economic issues that have affected Tanzanians since 1945.
South Africa in the Apartheid EraExplore the roots of apartheid in South Africa and its repercussions in the country.
Life in Africa after IndependenceDiscover the social and political changes African nations have experienced since gaining independence.
The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting ConflictsSee what events led to Israel's establishment and how its existence has led to conflict.
Overview of the Middle East: 1945-PresentTake a look at the political and economic influences that have shaped the Middle East region since 1945.
Life in the Modern Middle EastExamine the rich diversity in the Middle East and learn about key leaders that have impacted the region during modern times.
Conflicts in the Middle East Since World War IILearn about the causes and effects of post-WWII conflicts among Middle East countries.

10 Lessons in Chapter 23: Africa & the Middle East After 1945
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Important Events in Africa: 1945-Present

1. Important Events in Africa: 1945-Present

More than any other region, Africa has transformed dramatically over the past 70 years. This lesson explains how a continent of colonies transformed into a continent of vibrant states.

Nigeria: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)

2. Nigeria: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)

Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa and home to one of the world's fastest growing economies. That said, it also faces many of the same problems and issues as other African states.

The Congo: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)

3. The Congo: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)

The Democratic People's Republic of the Congo could be the richest country in the world. However, chronic mismanagement has left it as one of the poorest. This lesson explains how that happened.

Tanzania: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)

4. Tanzania: Politics, Economy & Culture (1945-Present)

Born from the unity of a former German colony and a former Arab sultanate, Tanzania started its independence heavily leaning towards socialism, but is now coming around to more free market views on economics.

South Africa in the Apartheid Era

5. South Africa in the Apartheid Era

Alongside the American period of segregation and Jim Crow, South Africa remains one of only a handful of countries to legalize and institutionalize racial discrimination. This lesson explains that practice, as well as how it was dismantled.

Life in Africa after Independence

6. Life in Africa after Independence

In this lesson, we will learn about African independence in the aftermath of World War II. We'll explore key figures, examine the factors that resulted in African independence, and highlight major events and developments.

The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts

7. The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts

In this lesson, we explore the movements and political developments that led to the creation of the state of Israel and the subsequent backlash from the Arab world.

Overview of the Middle East: 1945-Present

8. Overview of the Middle East: 1945-Present

The Middle East has undergone considerable changes since 1945. From 'mandate' territories to areas of great geopolitical interest, few aspects of modern life are untouched by the events of this region.

Life in the Modern Middle East

9. Life in the Modern Middle East

Societies in the Middle East have developed along very different paths, even in the past 100 years. This lesson takes a look at how Turkey, Israel, and Lebanon developed into the states they are today.

Conflicts in the Middle East Since World War II

10. Conflicts in the Middle East Since World War II

No other world region has been as gripped with conflict as the Middle East since World War II. This lesson explores many of those conflicts, while providing background on underlying causes.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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