About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the After the Civil War chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Reconstruction after Abraham Lincoln||Overview of Lincoln's plan to unite the North and South; President Andrew Johnson's efforts to continue Lincoln's legacy|
|Tuesday||Impeachment of Andrew Johnson and Election of Ulysses Grant||Radical Republican control of Congress, military reconstruction acts and congressional impeachment of President Andrew Johnson|
|Wednesday||Reconstruction Amendments and Effects on African Americans||Main objectives of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the United States Constitution; economic, educational and political impact of Reconstruction on African Americans|
|Thursday||Post-Civil War Life in America||Daily life in the South during Reconstruction; impact of the Homestead Act, Transcontinental Railroad and women's suffrage movement on everyday Americans|
|Friday||The Indian Wars and the End of Reconstruction||Conflicts between Native Americans and new settlers in the West; review of Reconstruction, including its achievements and failures|
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.
3. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress
Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.
4. President Ulysses S. Grant: Election, Successes and Corruption
Ulysses S. Grant, the Union hero of the Civil War, was elected in 1868, the last U.S. president to have been a slave owner. Despite his popularity, the nation faced social, economic and political difficulties, and his administration was shrouded in corruption.
5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
6. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
7. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
8. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
9. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
10. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876
Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.
11. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
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Other chapters within the Middle School US History Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
- First Contacts in the Americas: Middle School Lesson Plans
- Settling North America & the Colonies: Middle School Lesson Plans
- The Revolutionary War: Middle School Lesson Plans
- The Making of a Nation: Middle School Lesson Plans
- The Virginia Dynasty: Middle School Lesson Plans
- Jacksonian Democracy: Middle School Lesson Plans
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America: Middle School Lesson Plans
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion: Middle School Lesson Plans
- Buildup to the American Civil War: Middle School Lesson Plans
- The American Civil War: Middle School Lesson Plans
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- 1920s America: Middle School Lesson Plans
- America and the Great Depression: Middle School Lesson Plans
- America & the Second World War
- Post-War and the Cold War: Middle School Lesson Plans
- Civil Rights Movements in America: Middle School Lesson Plans
- America in the 1970s: Middle School Lesson Plans
- America from 1992 to the Present: Middle School Lesson Plans