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Ch 9: Age of Exploration - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Review the discovery of the Americas, the Spanish conquests and more in these lessons on the Age of Exploration. You will find this information extremely helpful in your preparations for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam.

ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Age of Exploration - Chapter Summary

East collides with west, and old and new worlds clash in this chapter, which takes a close look at the voyages of Christopher Columbus and other explorers. Learn more about the Age of Exploration as you get set to take the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam. The material covered in these lessons is shown in the list below:

  • European explorations in the Americas
  • Portuguese and Spanish explorers
  • Machiavelli, the Pope and the Italian wars
  • Spanish conquests in the Americas
  • Exchange of plants, technology, etc., after Columbus's voyages
  • Africa and slavery
  • Overview of Chinese and Japanese history
  • The Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires

Use our chapter tests and quizzes to measure your progress through the lessons. The quizzes link back to the videos and the transcripts, making it easy to refer back and forth, and the dashboard feature gives you a convenient means of keeping track of where you stand.

10 Lessons in Chapter 9: Age of Exploration - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

2. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.

The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority

3. The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority

This lesson will discuss the Italian Wars and their effects on the Papacy and the political landscape of Italy. It will also highlight the power struggle between France and Spain, which dominated much of 16th century Europe.

Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

4. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars

This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

5. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.

The Columbian Exchange

6. The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.

The Slave Trade in Africa

7. The Slave Trade in Africa

The enslavement of Africans for work in American fields remains one of the darkest spots on the colonial period. This lesson explains how it evolved in the earliest days of the colonial period.

China During the Ming & Qing Dynasties (1368-1911)

8. China During the Ming & Qing Dynasties (1368-1911)

The last two dynasties in Chinese history were the Ming and the Qing. Although quite different, they faced many of the same issues, and often the Qing copied the Ming, even in their mistakes.

Unification of Japan & the Tokugawa Rule (1551-1868)

9. Unification of Japan & the Tokugawa Rule (1551-1868)

From a society that the Chinese called 'barbaric' to American gunboats in Tokyo Bay, Japan experienced a great deal of change in three centuries. Center to much of that change was the Tokugawa Shogunate.

The Emergence of Three Empires in Eurasia: Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal

10. The Emergence of Three Empires in Eurasia: Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal

This lesson focuses on the Ottoman empire of Turkey, the Safavid Empire of Iran, and the Mughal Empire of India and Pakistan. It highlights the terms theocracy, ghazi, and God-ism.

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course

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