About This Chapter
Alkali & Alkaline Earth Metals - Chapter Summary
This chapter will focus your chemistry studies on alkali and alkaline earth metals. Allow instructors to educate you about such topics as column 2A of the periodic table, element families, volatile elements, trends on the periodic table, electrolytes needed by the body, and the rules of solubility. By completing this chapter, you will be prepared to do the following:
- Explain the characteristics and properties of alkaline earth metals
- Point out the properties of alkali metals
- Show the uses and properties of halogens on the periodic table
- Determine the reactions of sodium hydroxide
- Define the boiling point, the metallic character, and the diagonal relationship
- Outline toxicity symptoms and what happens during electrolyte deficiency
- Figure out how to predict the solubility of common salts
- Describe the important compounds of calcium
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1. Alkaline Earth Metals: Definition, Properties & Characteristics
Column 2A of the periodic table is home to the reactive alkaline earth metals. We find these elements in fireworks, vitamins, and even running through our own veins. Learn some properties and characteristics of this group of elements, and then take a quiz.
2. Alkali Metals (Group 1A Elements): Definition & Properties
Elements that can explode when put into water? Metals that can be cut with a knife? These are just some of the properties alkali metals share. This video will describe more properties and give some uses of these interesting metals.
3. Halogens on the Periodic Table: Properties, Reactivity & Uses
Elements are grouped into families on the periodic table based on their chemical and physical properties. In this lesson, you will learn about a unique group known as the halogen family.
4. What is Sodium Hydroxide? - Formula & Reactions
While handling sodium hydroxide can be dangerous, knowledge of sodium hydroxide can be enriching. Learn what sodium hydroxide is, its formula and about some chemical reactions involving sodium hydroxide in this lesson.
5. The Diagonal Relationship, Metallic Character, and Boiling Point
What may have once seemed like a bunch of random squares with letters in them is now shaping up to be one very organized chemistry reference. In this lesson you will discover three other trends that are found on the periodic table: the diagonal relationship, trends in metallic character, and trends in boiling point.
6. Sodium, Potassium & Chloride: Electrolyte Deficiency & Toxicity Symptoms
Sodium, potassium and chloride are electrolytes needed by your body for proper fluid balance, nervous system function and heart function. Learn how they are regulated and what happens if there are too few or too many in your body in this lesson.
7. Solubility of Common Salts: Predicting Reaction Outcomes
Ever wondered why some salts dissolve in water and others don't? In this lesson you will learn about some simple salt solubility rules. Using these rules, you will be able to predict the products of many chemical reactions.
8. Important Compounds of Calcium
In this lesson, you'll learn a bit about calcium, how it occurs in nature, what compounds it's found in, what they look like, and how they are used nowadays.
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