About This Chapter
Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The musculoskeletal system includes bone, muscle and connecting tissue. Through the video lessons in this chapter, you can learn about the anatomy and function of the organs. You will get a look at the causes, symptoms and treatments of several diseases and conditions, including cancer, osteoporosis, arthritis and broken bones. By the conclusion of this chapter, you should have an understanding of:
- Anatomy and structure of joints, the skeletal system and the muscular system
- Types, causes, symptoms and treatments of various types of arthritis
- Muscle and skeletal tumors
- Types of broken bones and luxations
- Diseases of musculoskeletal system, such as Paget's disease and Marfan syndrome
|Bone Tissue: Functions and Types||Learn about the purpose of bone tissue and the differences in types.|
|Skeletal System and Muscular System||Learn about the components of these systems and their function.|
|Joints: Structure and Functions||Learn how joints are made and what they do.|
|What Is Myopathy? - Definition, Causes and Symptoms||Examine the causes and classes of myopathies, dystrophy and related conditions.|
|Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Affected Locations, Signs and Treatments||Learn about the locations, epidemiology, signs and treatment of this disease.|
|Osteoarthritis: Causes, Mechanism and Treatment||Learn the symptoms, causes and treatments of osteoarthritis.|
|What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis? - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment||Understand what tissues and structures are involved and examine the rheumatoid factor and how it's used in medicine.|
|What Is Ankylosing Spondylitis? - Symptoms and Treatment||Learn the causes of this condition, along with symptoms and treatment options.|
|What Is Gout? - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment||Examine the many causes of gout, along with its underlying chemistry, including the role of uric acid.|
|How Psoriasis Can Cause Arthritis||Explore the causes, symptoms and treatment of psoriatic arthritis.|
|Infectious Causes of Arthritis: Sepsis and Lyme||Learn how arthritis can be caused by an infection, the difference between septic and non-septic arthritis and the signs of Lyme disease.|
|What Is Osteomyelitis? - Definition, Symptoms and Treatment||Explore the symptoms, signs and treatment of osteomyelitis, including radiographic changes.|
|What Is Osteoporosis? - Definition, Causes and Treatment||Understand how osteoporosis affects bone, how nutrition, hormones and age are related and look at treatment options.|
|Osteomalacia and Rickets: Causes and Symptoms||Define these conditions and find out about treatments.|
|Paget's Disease of Bone: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments||Examine the causes, symptoms and treatments.|
|The Types of Broken Bones and Luxations||Learn about various types of fractures, dislocations and subluxations.|
|The Different Types of Skeletal and Muscle Tumors||Understand osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and leiomyosarcoma.|
|Marfan Syndrome: Signs and Management||Explore this condition and affected locations, epidemiology, signs and treatments.|
1. Bone Tissue: Functions and Types
In this lesson, we will explore bone as a connective tissue. We will discuss the anatomy of bone, as well as the cell types which make up bone, including how bone is formed and broken down.
2. Skeletal System and Muscular System
Do you know how many bones are in the human body? Check out this video lesson to uncover the answer, as well as understand the role and importance of the skeletal and muscular systems.
3. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
4. What is Myopathy? - Definition, Causes & Symptoms
This lesson will discuss what a myopathy is. We'll mention the two major classes of myopathies and some examples of each, as well as how they may be diagnosed and treated.
5. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Affected Locations, Signs & Treatments
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a devastating form of muscular dystrophy that affects one in 3,600 boys. This lesson explores the reason Duchenne muscular dystrophy occurs, as well as its diagnosis, treatment, and patient prognosis.
6. Osteoarthritis: Causes, Mechanism, and Treatment
This lesson will discuss osteoarthritis. We'll talk about the basic pathophysiology behind what occurs in this condition, the risk factors involved, and the way by which it can be diagnosed and treated.
7. What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson explores a very common and well-known form of inflammatory arthritis called rheumatoid arthritis. We'll discuss why it occurs, how it can be diagnosed, how it differs from osteoarthritis, and how it can be treated.
8. What is Ankylosing Spondylitis? - Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will go over a condition called ankylosing spondylitis and whom it is most likely to affect, why it may occur, what symptoms and signs it causes, and the way it can diagnosed and treated.
9. What is Gout? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will cover a condition known as gout as well as the physiological mechanism behind its formation. We'll cover important clinical signs, diagnostics steps, and treatments utilized for this disease.
10. How Psoriasis Can Cause Arthritis
This lesson will discuss a condition called psoriatic arthritis. You'll find out if it's related to psoriasis, how your own body's defense systems may play a role, and how it can be diagnosed and treated.
11. Infectious Causes of Arthritis: Sepsis and Lyme
This lesson will discuss septic arthritis and how Lyme disease may play a role in the development of arthritis. We'll talk about the ways septic arthritis may be diagnosed and treated.
12. What is Osteomyelitis? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will discuss something known as osteomyelitis. We'll talk about why it may occur, what a sequestrum and involucrum have to do with it, and how it can be diagnosed and treated.
13. What is Osteoporosis? - Definition, Causes & Treatment
Osteoporosis affects more than ten million people and causes more than one million fractures in the United States alone. Everyone is at risk for osteoporosis, but women are especially vulnerable. Learn more about this condition, including risk factors, causes, signs, diagnosis, and treatment in this video lesson.
14. Osteomalacia and Rickets: Causes and Symptoms
This lesson will discuss two similar conditions that are called osteomalacia and rickets. You'll find out whom they affect, why it happens, how they are diagnosed, and how they may be treated.
15. Paget's Disease of Bone: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
This lesson will discuss a condition known as Paget's disease of bone. We'll talk about its risk factors, why it occurs, how a doctor may diagnose it, as well as how it may be treated.
16. The Types of Broken Bones and Luxations
In this lesson, you'll learn about the many different kinds of bone fractures that may occur. We'll discuss open, closed, comminuted, complete, incomplete, and many other types of fractures and joint dislocations.
17. The Different Types of Skeletal and Muscle Tumors
In this lesson, we'll take a look at three different types of cancers. One affects the bones and two affect different types of muscles in your body. We'll also go over how they may be diagnosed and treated.
18. Marfan Syndrome: Signs and Management
This lesson will explore a condition known as Marfan syndrome. It's a potentially deadly disease that involves everything from the skeleton to the heart. Find out more as we take a look at why it occurs and how it may be treated.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Pathophysiology Textbook course
- The Basic Components of Pathophysiology
- The Consequences of an Aberrant Immune System
- The Pathophysiology of Neoplasia
- Skin Related Pathology
- Trauma and Injury to the Nervous System
- Major Disorders Involving the Nervous System
- Congenital Cardiovascular Defects
- Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities
- Pathologies of the Respiratory System
- Important Renal Anatomy and Physiology
- Diseases of the Urinary System
- Conditions Affecting the Gastrointestinal System
- Metabolic Derangements
- Blood Disorders: Anemia
- Hematological Maladies
- Blood Cancers
- Reproductive System Disorders
- Clinical Test Results: Electrolytes, Cells, and Blood Proteins
- Clinical Test Results: Organ Function and Health