About This Chapter
America & the Indian Wars - Chapter Summary
This convenient online American history chapter explores several wars that pertained to Native Americans. As you work through these lessons, you'll review important Indian wars, battles, treaties, ceremonies and more. Each lesson comes with a short quiz to help you solidify your understanding of these historical concepts. If you have any questions about the material, you can use the Ask the Expert feature to get help from our instructors. When you're done, you should be equipped to:
- Recognize Native American conflicts from the Gilded Age
- Analyze the Sand Creek Massacre and the Red River War
- Summarize the Treaty of Fort Laramie from 1868
- Evaluate the Battle of Little Bighorn's historical significance
- Describe the Ghost Dance ceremony at Wounded Knee
- Discuss the Apaches and the end of the Indian wars
1. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age
In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.
2. Sand Creek & the Red River War: American Indian Wars
This lesson will explain the Massacre at Sand Creek and the Red River War. It will highlight the roles of Black Kettle and John Chivington. It will also discuss the treaties of Medicine Lodge and Laramie.
3. Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868: Summary & Overview
After increasing levels of violence between the Sioux and American soldiers, officials from both sides agreed on the Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868. This Treaty failed to quell the violence and ultimately contributed to Custer's Last Stand.
4. Battle of Little Bighorn: Definition, Facts & Summary
On June 25, 1876 the United States army suffered one of its greatest and most famous defeats in the Sioux Wars. At Little Bighorn, General George Armstrong Custer and his forces were annihilated by the Sioux chief Sitting Bull and his warriors. In this lesson we examine this battle in more detail.
5. Ghost Dance at Wounded Knee: Definition & Ceremony
Native American tribes often gather for large prayer ceremonies with dancing and feasts. In this lesson, we'll talk about the Ghost Dance, which was one of these prayer ceremonies, and its importance in the Wounded Knee Massacre.
6. The Role of the Apache & the End of the Indian Wars
The so-called Indian Wars had a huge impact on how the West was developed and how it's been remembered. In this lesson, we'll look at the role of the Apache in this definitive conflict of American history.
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Other chapters within the History 309: War & American Society course
- Introduction to War & American Society
- War & the American Colonies
- The American Revolutionary War
- America & the War of 1812
- American Conflicts & Wars Between 1820-1860
- The American Civil War Overview
- America, War & Imperialism in the 1890s
- America in World War I
- America in World War II
- America & the Cold War
- U.S. Conflicts & Wars Post-Cold War
- American Conflicts & Wars in the 21st Century
- Required Assignments for History 309