About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our AP U.S. History Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the American Civil War. There is no faster or easier way to learn about events and leaders of the Civil War. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn the first battles of the war, the impact of the war on civilians, the Emancipation Proclamation and Sherman's march to the sea.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a U.S. history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and an American Civil War (1861-1865) unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
American Civil War (1861-1865) Unit Objectives:
- Review the advantages and disadvantages of both the North and the South at the start of the conflict.
- See how the first battle changed the perspective in regards to diplomacy and military strategy.
- Look at a few battles of 1862, including the Battle of Shiloh and the fight between the Monitor and Merrimac.
- Learn about the legacy of the Emancipation Proclamation, and examine how African Americans participated in the war on both sides.
- Examine three key battles that cemented victory for the Union.
- Analyze General U.S. Grant's march towards the Confederate capital of Richmond at the end of the war.
- Study the impact of Union General William T. Sherman's march through Georgia to the port of Savannah.
- Gain an understanding of the events at war's end, including the terms of surrender and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
1. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
2. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
3. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
4. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
5. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South
With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.
6. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
7. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
8. Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign. His success assured Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Sherman then began his destructive March to the Sea in order to capture Savannah.
9. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP US History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE): Homeschool Curriculum
- Settling North America (1497-1732): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Road to Revolution (1700-1774): Homeschool Curriculum
- The American Revolution (1775-1783): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Virginia Dynasty (1801--1825): Homeschool Curriculum
- Jacksonian Democracy (1825 -- 1850): Homeschool Curriculum
- Life in Antebellum America (1807-1861): Homeschool Curriculum
- Manifest Destiny (1806-1855): Homeschool Curriculum
- Sectional Crisis (1850-1861): Homeschool Curriculum
- Reconstruction (1865-1877): Homeschool Curriculum
- Industrialization and Urbanization (1870-1900): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Progressive Era (1900-1917): Homeschool Curriculum
- American Imperialism (1890-1919): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Roaring 20s (1920-1929): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Great Depression (1929-1940): Homeschool Curriculum
- The US in World War ll (1941-1945): Homeschool Curriculum
- Post-War World (1946-1959): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Cold War (1950-1973): Homeschool Curriculum
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience (1954-1973): Homeschool Curriculum
- The 1970s (1969-1979): Homeschool Curriculum
- The Rise of Political Conservatism (1980-1992): Homeschool Curriculum
- Contemporary America (1992-2013): Homeschool Curriculum
- Changes in the Modern United States: Homeschool Curriculum
- Test-Taking Skills and Prep - AP U.S. History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Critical Thinking Skills for AP US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP US History Exam: Homeschool Curriculum
- Developing and Writing Your AP US History Exam Essay: Homeschool Curriculum