Ch 28: American Civil War - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

The lessons, quizzes, and other aids in this chapter of our study guide can help you prepare for ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam questions on the American Civil War. Our videos offer a review of topics including the start of the war, important leaders and Abraham Lincoln's murder.

American Civil War: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

Let us help you refresh your understanding of the major events of the U.S. Civil War as you prepare for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam. In our video lessons, you'll explore topics including:

  • Fort Sumter and the war's beginnings
  • Advantages and disadvantages of each side
  • Major battles
  • The Emancipation Proclamation
  • The war's impact of the economy
  • Turning points and the war's end
  • Lee's surrender and Lincoln's assassination

Our instructors use animations and humor to keep these short lessons lively. If you need to re-visit a particular topic, click on the link in the Timeline that accompanies each video to return to the right spot. An ask-an-expert message board allows you to pose your questions to the instructors, and you can keep up with your progress through the lessons on our Dashboard.

American Civil War: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Objectives

Oregon requires passing the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam as a condition for certification to teach the subject at this level. The quizzes that follow the lessons consist of multiple-choice questions, like the ORELA exam, so completing them will help you prepare to take a test in this format. You'll also have a good opportunity to see where you need extra study prior to exam day. Questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam are divided into four content domains, with queries on the Civil War in the History domain, which makes up 50% of the exam.

9 Lessons in Chapter 28: American Civil War - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War

1. The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War

South Carolina's attack on a U.S. military outpost triggered the American Civil War. Learn more about the Battle of Fort Sumter and the consequences of the fort's surrender to the Confederacy.

Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared

2. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared

At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.

The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed

3. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed

Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.

Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh

4. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh

In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.

The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

5. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.

How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South

6. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South

With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.

Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg

7. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg

In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.

End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond

8. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond

President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.

Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

9. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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