About This Chapter
American Civil War Overview - Chapter Summary
In order to have a comprehensive knowledge of American history, you must know about the American Civil War. This war greatly impacted the direction and history of the country. Once you are done studying this chapter, you will be comfortable with the following topics:
- Advantages of the North and South in the wars leading up to the war
- Significance of the Battle of Fort Sumter and the Battle of Gettysburg
- Reasons why the Confederacy surrendered
- The result of the Emancipation Proclamation
- Grant's plans to end the Civil War
- Final days of the war
These concepts are taught by our knowledgeable instructors who designed these brief and informative lessons for you. The videos in the lessons are no longer than 10 minutes each and come with a timeline feature that allows you to jump around the lesson to parts you want to focus on. In addition, each lesson is accompanied by a transcript with significant terms and phrases in bold for emphasis.
1. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
2. The Battle of Fort Sumter & the Start of the Civil War
South Carolina's attack on a U.S. military outpost triggered the American Civil War. Learn more about the Battle of Fort Sumter and the consequences of the fort's surrender to the Confederacy.
3. Battle of Gettysburg: Facts, Summary & Significance
The Battle of Gettysburg, fought in July 1863, was a Union victory that stopped Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. More than 50,000 men fell as casualties during the 3-day battle, making it the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War.
4. Union Blockade of the South: History & Map
The Civil War may be the ugliest piece of American history. Learn here what forced the Confederacy to surrender - the blockade of the southern economy.
5. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
6. General Ulysses S. Grant Takes Charge: His Strategic Plan for Ending the War
In this lesson, we will learn about the promotion of Union General Ulysses S. Grant to the prestigious rank of Lieutenant General. We will also study Grant's plan to end the Civil War.
7. General Robert E. Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse: Terms & Conditions
In this lesson, we will explore the events leading up to Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9th, 1865.
8. The End of the Civil War: Summary & Timeline
Contrary to popular belief, the Civil War did not end when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House. It actually continued for over two months. In this lesson, we will examine the final days of the Civil War.
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