About This Chapter
American Civil War and Reconstruction - Chapter Summary
This chapter on the American Civil War can help you gain a thorough understanding of this period in history, including the causes and effects of the war. The materials in this chapter have been expertly developed to help you come to a thorough understanding of significant events, literature and legislation from this period of history. Once you've studied the lessons included in this chapter, you will be able to:
- Discuss the famous book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, and how it related to rising tensions over slavery
- Identify the causes and effects of Bloody Kansas
- Describe what life was like in the South after the Civil War
- Recognize the successes and failures of the Reconstruction period
- Explain how the Homestead Act and Transcontinental Railroad contributed to the development of the nation
The lessons in this chapter give you multiple ways to review, with the ability to watch short videos or review a transcript of a lesson if you prefer a text-based format. After completing the final chapter exam, you're sure to feel secure in your understanding of the Civil War and Reconstruction.
1. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tension Over Slavery in the 1850s
Uncle Tom's Cabin captured the plight of slaves in the 1850s like no other book. The novel, coupled with the Missouri Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act, served to further strain the country, which was at a breaking point over the issue of slavery. This lesson details these events.
2. Bloody Kansas: Causes, Effects and Summary of Events
The events in the Kansas territory were a microcosm of the violent forces shaping the United States in the decade of the 1850s, forces that would ultimately lead to a disintegration of the Union itself. This lesson details what has come to be known as Bleeding Kansas and its impact on the issue of slavery.
3. American Civil War: Facts, Causes & Effects
In this lesson, we'll examine the American Civil War. We'll explore the causes leading to the outbreak of war, examine key battles and developments, and analyze the impact of this horrible war.
4. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
5. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
6. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
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