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- Compare the advantages of the North and the South during the Civil War.
- Examine the First Battle of Bull Run.
- Discuss key Civil War battles of 1862.
- Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation and its legacy.
- Explain how the Civil War affected everyday life and the economy.
- Take a look at the turning points of the Civil War.
- Describe the end of the Civil War.
- Discuss Sherman's March to the Sea.
- Learn about Lincoln's assassination and Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
1. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
2. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
3. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
4. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
5. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South
With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.
6. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg
In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.
7. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
8. Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, General William T. Sherman began his Atlanta campaign. His success assured Lincoln's re-election in 1864. Sherman then began his destructive March to the Sea in order to capture Savannah.
9. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
10. Appomattox Courthouse Surrender: History & Facts
This lesson explains the importance of the Appomattox Court House in Virginia during the Civil War. Learn more about the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, which led to the end of the battle between the Union and Confederate armies.
11. Battle of Hampton Roads: Map, Significance & Summary
The Battle of Hampton Roads was an inconclusive naval fight that took place on March 9, 1862, off the coast of Virginia, between the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor. Learn about this battle and test your knowledge with a quiz.
12. Hiram Revels: History & Biography
This lesson discusses Hiram Revels, the first African American member of the United States Senate. Learn more about Revels and his work as a politician, minister, and educator, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Texas in the Civil War: Battles & Soldiers
Texas was one of the states to secede from the Union during the Civil War, but its experiences were unique amongst the Southern States. In this lesson, we'll talk about Texas' role in this war and explore some major battles.
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