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- Verify you're ready by completing the American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century chapter exam.
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:
- What were some economic policies of the Second Industrial Revolution?
- In what ways was American industry transformed in the Gilded Age?
- Who were Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons?
- How were labor conditions during the Second Industrial Revolution?
- How did 'native' Americans respond to immigration in the late 1800s?
- What were some of the problems of urbanization during the Second Industrial Revolution?
1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
2. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
3. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
4. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.
5. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
6. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
7. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
8. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
9. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
10. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.
11. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
12. Isaac Meritt Singer: Inventions & Biography
Isaac Singer was a resourceful and charismatic man whose innovations made his name synonymous with the practical sewing machine. In this lesson read about how his advances in marketing led his company to success as an international industry.
13. Social Darwinism vs. Darwinism
Darwin's name is a familiar one to most people, but it has been attached to a few different ideologies. In this lesson, we'll check out the concepts of Darwinism and social Darwinism, and see how they relate as well as how they differ.
14. Social Darwinism: Significance & Movement
The concept of Social Darwinism found its most committed audience from the late 19th into the mid-20th century. The central tenet of the Social Darwinist philosophy states that some human beings and races are better than others, thus natural selection should be recognized as a mechanism of genetic cleansing.
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Other chapters within the Middle School US History: Help and Review course
- First Contacts in the Americas: Help and Review
- Settling North America & the Colonies: Help and Review
- The Revolutionary War: Help and Review
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution: Help and Review
- Virginia Dynasty: Help and Review
- The Jacksonian Democracy: Help and Review
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America: Help and Review
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion: Help and Review
- Buildup to the American Civil War: Help and Review
- The American Civil War: Help and Review
- After the Civil War - Reconstruction: Help and Review
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century: Help and Review
- American Imperialism & World War l: Help and Review
- 1920s America: Help and Review
- America and the Great Depression: Help and Review
- America and the Second World War: Help and Review
- Post-War and the Cold War: Help and Review
- Civil Rights Movements in America: Help and Review
- America in the 1970s: Help and Review
- America in the 1980s: Help and Review
- America from 1992 to the Present: Help and Review