About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our Middle School US History Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about industrial development and urbanization. There is no faster or easier way to learn about American industrialization in the late 19th century. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the Social Gospel movement, labor conditions, robber barons, industrial development and gilded-age politics.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and an American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century Unit Objectives:
- Learn about economic policies of the Second Industrial Revolution.
- Explore the Bessemer process, scientific management and business models that emerged in the Gilded Age.
- Learn about business practices of the Robber Barons.
- Discuss management versus organized labor.
- Examine the political machines and civil service reforms of the period.
- Read about opportunities for the middle class during the Second Industrial Revolution.
- Learn about immigration and the rise of nativism.
- Study labor conditions during the Second Industrial Revolution.
- Read about the Populist Party platform and its history.
- Explore the effects of urbanization in America throughout the Second Industrial Revolution.
1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
2. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
3. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons
The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.
4. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.
5. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
6. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
7. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
8. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
9. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
10. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements
Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.
11. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution
In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.
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Other chapters within the Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- First Contacts in the Americas - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Settlement of North America & the Colonies: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Revolutionary War - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Creation of the Nation after the American Revolution: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Virginia Dynasty - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Jacksonian Democracy - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Buildup to the American Civil War - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- The American Civil War - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Reconstruction After the Civil War - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Early 20th Century Progressive Era: Homeschool Curriculum
- American Imperialism & World War I - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- 1920s America - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- America and the Great Depression - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- America and World War II - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Post-War and the Cold War - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Civil Rights Movements in America - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- America in the 1970s - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum
- America from 1992 to the Present - Middle School US History: Homeschool Curriculum