About This Chapter
American Labor Law in the Private Sector Before 1960 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
As organized labor grew in the United States, the federal government was often forced to enact legislation, much of which preempted related legislation at the local or state level. As you watch the brief videos in this chapter, you will understand:
- The early beginnings of labor relations law
- Preemptive doctrine
- Administrative agencies within the executive branch of government
- Conspiracy doctrines
- Yellow-dog contracts and why they were outlawed
- Danbury-Hatters' Case, Clayton Antitrust Act, and the anti-trust laws
- Labor protections for airline and railway workers
- National Industrial Recovery Act and how it protected hours and wages
- Taft-Hartley and the Civil Services Reform Act
- Role and responsibilities of the National Labor Relations Board
- Effects of the Landrum-Griffin Act
|The Development of Labor Relations Law & Agencies||Discuss the early days of labor relations law and how it was handled in the federal government.|
|Criminal & Civil Conspiracy Doctrine in Labor Law||Explore the two court cases that established labor doctrines on criminal and civil conspiracies.|
|Effects of the Norris-LaGuardia Act on Yellow-dog Contracts||Learn what a yellow-dog contract is and why the Norris-LaGuardia Act was passed to make it illegal.|
|The Sherman Anti-Trust Act Of 1890: Summary, Lesson & Quiz||See how this early anti-trust act is the first of repeat legislation attempting to eliminate monopolies.|
|Danbury Hatters' Case & Antitrust Laws||Understand how this case continues the antitrust battle.|
|Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914: Definition & Summary||Explore the four sections of this bill that ended anti-competitive practices.|
|The Railway Labor Act of 1926: Definition & Summary||Recognize how substitute bargaining, arbitration, and mediation are used as a result of this act.|
|National Industrial Recovery Act: Definition & Summary||Discuss how the federal government manages work hours and wages to help stabilize employment and minimize layoffs with this legislation that also included the establishment of the Public Works Administration (PWA).|
|Labor Relations & Unions: NLRA, Taft-Hartley & the Civil Service Reform Act||Learn how labor relations and unions continue to play a major role in the federal government by reviewing these acts.|
|National Labor Relations Board: History and Purpose||Investigate the history and rationale behind the creation of the National Labor Relations Board.|
|Labor-Management Reporting & Disclosure Act of 1959||Examine how this reporting and disclosure act impacted union management practices and their relationships with employees.|
1. The Development of Labor Relations Law & Agencies
This lesson covers the origins of labor relations, from the preemption doctrine to the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). Find out more about what administrative agencies within the executive branch influence labor relations law.
2. Criminal & Civil Conspiracy Doctrine in Labor Law
The history of collective bargaining is quite volatile. Criminal and civil conspiracy doctrines in labor law is an interesting part of it. Learn about two cases in the 1800s that laid down the foundations.
3. Effects of the Norris-LaGuardia Act on Yellow-Dog Contracts
Labor issues have been a hotly debated topic in American history. In this lesson we'll examine the history of yellow-dog contracts and see how they were impacted by the 1932 Norris-La Guardia Act.
4. The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890: Summary & Overview
In this lesson you'll be introduced to the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, the first legislative attempt by the United States to control the powers of trusts and monopolies. After the lesson, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.
5. Danbury Hatters' Case & Antitrust Laws
The United States Supreme Court case of 'Loewe v. Lawlor' is often referred to as the Danbury Hatters' Case. This famous case established the affect of antitrust laws on labor unions.
6. Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914: Definition & Summary
Through this lesson, you will learn about antitrust laws and why they are important in U.S. law and economics. You will also see why the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 is so important to us in the present day.
7. The Railway Labor Act of 1926: Definition & Summary
Ever since the 19th century, railroads have been important to the American economy. Therefore, keeping them running efficiently is essential. This lesson will examine one important piece of legislation designed to keep railroads functioning without interruption.
8. National Industrial Recovery Act: Definition & Summary
To address the economic slump of the Great Depression, the Roosevelt Administration created the National Industrial Recovery Act to revive the industrial sector. Learn about the aspects of this program in this lesson.
9. Labor Relations & Unions: NLRA, Taft-Hartley & the Civil Service Reform Act
The relationship between labor and management is governed by a set of federal labor laws. In this lesson, you'll learn about the National Labor Relations Act, the Taft-Hartley Act and the Civil Service Reform Act. A short quiz follows.
10. National Labor Relations Board: History and Purpose
Unions can play an important role in the employer-employee relationship. In this lesson, you'll learn about the National Labor Relations Board and how it makes sure both sides play by the rules. A short quiz follows.
11. Labor-Management Reporting & Disclosure Act of 1959
Also known as the Landrum-Griffin Act, this legislation influenced the practices of unions, such as member relations, and how the union could react to employers. Learn what issues it addressed and where it muddied the waters.
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Other chapters within the Business 105: Labor Relations course
- The Industrial Relations System
- Union Structure, Organization & Management
- American Labor History
- American Labor Law in the Private Sector After 1960
- The Organizing Process
- Collective Bargaining
- Contract Administration
- Labor Arbitration
- The Public Sector
- International Labor Relations
- Studying for Business 105