About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the court system or working with the three levels
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
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- Verify you're ready by completing the American Legal Systems chapter exam.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an American legal systems unit of a standard college business course. Topics covered include:
- Public vs. private law
- Criminal vs. civil law
- Substantive law vs. procedural law
- Three levels of the Federal Court System
- Jurisdiction over property
1. Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences
The simple difference between public and private law is in those that each affects. Public law affects society as a whole, while private law affects individuals, families, businesses and small groups.
2. Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences
There are two main classifications of law. Criminal laws regulate crimes, or wrongs committed against the government. Civil laws regulate disputes between private parties. This lesson explains the main differences between criminal and civil law.
3. Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences
Substantive law and procedural law work together to ensure that in a criminal or civil case, the appropriate laws are applied and the proper procedures are followed to bring a case to trial. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two and how they relate to the legal system as a whole.
4. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court
There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.
5. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization
The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.
6. Overview of the US Supreme Court
The U.S. Supreme Court justices reside over cases involving original jurisdiction under certain circumstances and appellate jurisdiction when a decision from a lower court involving constitutional law is at issue. Appellate cases require a writ of certiorari requesting permission to address this court.
7. State Court System: Structure & Overview
There is no uniform structure to the State Court System. Each state has its own system but most states operate similarly to the Federal Court System in that there are several levels of courts including trial courts, intermediate appellate courts and supreme courts.
8. Long Arm Statute: Definition & Example
Long-arm statute refers to the jurisdiction a court has over out-of-state defendant corporations. International Shoe v. State of Washington was a landmark case that set precedent for establishing the right for government to use the long-arm statute to bring an action against a defendant corporation.
9. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.
10. Subject Matter Jurisdiction: Federal, State and Concurrent
One of the ways a court determines whether a case will be heard is based on subject matter jurisdiction. We will explore several factors that determine subject matter jurisdiction in state and federal courts, including concurrent subject matter jurisdiction.
11. Jurisdiction over Property: Definition & Types
In rem and quasi in rem jurisdiction give a court power over property. The court's power over the property can be used as leverage or as a means of satisfying a civil action against a defendant. The conditions that are required determine the court's ability to exercise both types of jurisdiction of property.
12. What is the Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
The U.S. Supreme Court exercises a right to preside over specific cases and is considered the court of original jurisdiction based on subject-matter jurisdiction. It is considered an appellate court for cases involving constitutional law under certain circumstances.
13. How Venue is Determined for a Court Case
Venue is the location where a civil or criminal case is decided. The venue is decided similarly in civil and criminal trials. However, the venue is decided differently in state and federal courts.
14. Civil Suits: Definition & Types
In this lesson, we will define civil suits and explore how they are different from criminal suits. We will also discuss different types of civil suits. In addition, there will be a short quiz at the end of the lesson.
15. Judicial Activism: Definition, Cases, Pros & Cons
After you finish this lesson, you will understand what constitutes judicial activism. Moreover, you will review a key case involving judicial activism. Finally, you will examine the pros and cons of judicial activism.
16. What Is Common Law? - Definition & Examples
After you complete this lesson, you will understand what constitutes common law. Moreover, you will learn the doctrine of stare decisis and review an example where common law is utilized.
17. Basic Legal Terminology: Definitions & Glossary
When dealing with legal matters or starting an education in law, there are basic terms that can help you understand courtroom and legal documents. Read on to find out more.
18. Criminal Threat: Definition, Levels & Charges
This lesson will provide the definition for criminal threat. The different levels of criminal threat and the charges associated with them will also be covered. In addition, examples will be provided to promote understanding.
19. Information Disclosure Statement & Patents
In this lesson, we will explain information disclosure statements and patents and how they are used to protect ideas or inventions. At the end, you should have a good understanding of these legal instruments.
20. Imminent Danger: Legal Definition & Examples
Imminent danger is a legal term that is frequently used in law enforcement and judicial matters. This lesson will provide the legal definition for imminent danger, discuss imminent danger, and the right to use force.
21. Homeland Security Advisory System: Colors & History
In this lesson, we will review the workings and history of the Department of Homeland Security's former Homeland Security Advisory System. This was a way of communicating potential terrorist threats to government agencies and the public.
22. Confidential Information: Legal Definition & Types
In this lesson, discover the meaning of confidential information. Learn the different types of confidential information and the importance of a confidentiality form. Experience examples of bad confidentiality scenarios, along with examples of the correct way to protect confidential forms.
23. Confidential Business Information: Definition & Laws
Have you ever wanted to know the process for keeping business information confidential? This lesson covers all you need to know about what confidential business information is and what laws keep that information from being disclosed.
24. What is the Difference Between a Misdemeanor & a Felony?
What does calling someone a ~'felon~' mean? Are there only certain offenses that earn the title? This lesson will explore the differences between misdemeanor and felony level offenses, including degrees of severity and sentencing limits.
25. What is Retributive Justice? - Definition & Examples
Retributive justice is a criminal justice theory that has historical roots, with references to it that go far back into ancient times. In this lesson, we'll learn the meaning of retribution with a definition and examples.
26. Retributive Justice vs. Restorative Justice
Retributive justice is a perspective that focuses on punishment for offenders, while restorative justice focuses on the relationship between the offender and the victim. In this lesson, we will explore their differences and how both play a part in our judicial system.
27. What is Punitive Justice? - Definition & Examples
Punishment has been a central focus of the United States criminal justice system since its inception.This lesson will look at punitive justice by distinguishing it from restorative justice and look at examples of each to add clarification.
28. What Does Distinguish Mean in Law?
This lesson will define the term ''distinguish'' as it pertains to the legal world. Upon completion, the reader should have a firm grasp of this term, along with how it applies to the legal world specifically.
29. Legalese: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn the meaning of legalese. We'll examine different legalese terms and phrases as well as What they look like in the context of a legal document.
30. The Federal Arbitration Act (FAA)
In this lesson, you will learn about the Federal Arbitration Act— its provisions, enforcement, and how it interacts with state laws and international conventions.
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Other chapters within the Business Law: Help and Review course
- History of American Law: Help and Review
- Sources of Law: Help and Review
- Constitutional Law: Help and Review
- Legal Procedures: Help and Review
- Contract Law Basics: Help and Review
- Capacity in Contract Law: Help and Review
- Contract Law and Third Party Beneficiaries: Help and Review
- Contracts - Assignment and Delegation: Help and Review
- Contracts - Statute of Frauds: Help and Review
- Contracts - Scopes and Meanings: Help and Review
- Contracts - Breach of Contract: Help and Review
- Contracts - Discharge of Contracts: Help and Review
- The Legal Environment: Help and Review
- Securities and Antitrust Law: Help and Review
- Property Law: Help and Review
- Employment and Labor Law: Help and Review
- Creditors' Rights: Help and Review
- Product Liability and Consumer Protection: Help and Review
- International Business Law: Help and Review
- Torts in Business Law: Help and Review
- The Role of Agency in Business Law: Help and Review
- Types of Business Organizations: Help and Review
- Sales & the Law: Help and Review
- Small Business Employment Law
- Consumer Protection
- Essentials of Contract Law
- Moral Philosophies & Business Ethics
- Antitrust Laws in Business
- International Trade & Business Law