About This Chapter
American Political Systems & Ideologies - Chapter Summary
This political science chapter outlines the core ideologies and political systems of the American government. The chapter will help you review the history of liberalism and conservatism and help you understand the political theories of philosophers like John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. You'll also gain a deeper understanding of other political ideologies, such as socialism and communism. Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Recognize different types of political systems
- Explain Jeffersonian and classical republicanism
- Define a theocracy system
- Assess the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary government
- Describe different types of ideologies along the political spectrum
- Differentiate between socialism and communism
- Analyze the history, ideology and influence of liberalism, conservatism and fascism
- Discuss the views and political theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
Our social studies instructors help you review American political ideologies by breaking down key definitions and concepts into bite-sized chunks. You can test your understanding of the material by taking the accompanying self-assessment quizzes or printing the lesson transcripts for further study. If you need to review specific topics, they'll be easy to find with our interactive video timelines and course Dashboard. The material is accessible at any time that fits your schedule so you can study whenever it's convenient.
1. Political System: Types & Definition
How many different ways can human societies organize their governments? In this lesson, we'll examine some common political systems used throughout history and see how they compare.
2. Jeffersonian Republicanism: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you'll define Jeffersonian Republicanism, learn about it historical origins, understand Jefferson's governmental philosophy of 'Republican Simplicity,' and know the successes and challenges this philosophy brought to the nation.
3. Classical Republicanism: Definition & Overview
Classical republicanism is the idea that a government should be based on the consent of the people. If a government deviates from the will of the governed, the people have a right to form a new government. Learn all about it in this lesson.
4. Theocracy: Definition & Examples
Throughout history, governments have relied on various ideologies to structure bureaucracy. In this lesson, we explore theocracy, a system of government in which the country's religious institutions are closely intertwined with the state.
5. Parliamentary Government: Definition, Examples, Advantages & Disadvantages
In this lesson you will learn what a parliamentary government is, and discover how it functions with examples like Australia and Germany. Then learn some of the advantages and disadvantages of a parliamentary system of government.
6. Presidential System of Government: Roles of the President
The following lesson discusses the seven roles that the President of the United States has. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
7. Types of Ideologies Along The Political Spectrum
There are several different ideologies represented along the political spectrum. Political ideologies range from the extreme left-wing to the extreme right-wing. This lesson explains five political ideologies.
8. Communism: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll learn the meaning of communism while briefly comparing it to capitalism. We'll then discuss different examples of communism. Finally, we'll discuss the significance of communism in the context of the Cold War.
9. Socialism: Definition & Leaders
This lesson defines and explains the 19th century political ideology socialism. In doing this, it will highlight the roles of the Industrial Revolution and the socialist experiments of Robert Owen and Charles Fourier.
10. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
11. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenets and its influence.
12. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
13. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
14. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.
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Other chapters within the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Social Studies Subject Concentration (5157): Practice & Study Guide course
- Early United States History Overview
- Causes & Impact of the Revolutionary War
- United States Constitution & Bill of Rights
- United States Territorial Expansion
- The Importance of Manifest Destiny
- Sectionalism & the Start of the Civil War
- End of the Civil War & Reconstruction
- Industrialization, Urbanization & Immigration
- The Progressive Era & Amendments
- World War I Summary
- United States in the 1920s
- The Great Depression & the New Deal
- World War II Summary
- Understanding the Cold War
- The Post-Cold War World
- The United States (1940s-1960s)
- The United States (1970s-1990s)
- Technology in the Late 20th Century
- History of Pennsylvania
- Early Civilizations Overview
- Classical Civilizations Overview
- Civilizations & Change
- Early Eastern Religions Overview
- Renaissance, Reformation & Enlightenment Periods
- Global Interactions (1200-1750)
- Revolutions & Imperialism (1750-1914)
- Terrorism & the United States
- United States Government: Foundations & Structure
- Branches of the U.S. Government
- United States Election Process
- Political Parties, Interest Groups, Bureaucracy & Media
- Rights, Responsibilities & Duties of U.S. Citizens
- Economics, Taxation & GDP
- The Federal Reserve System
- Personal Finance & Investments
- Geography, Maps & Waterways
- Physical Geography of Earth
- The Environment & Human Activity
- Human Geography & Migration
- Political Geography & Geographic Factors
- Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Social Studies Subject Concentration Flashcards