Ch 33: American Political Systems & Ideologies

About This Chapter

Review the political systems and ideologies of the United States with this convenient study resource. These lessons can help you differentiate between several political systems and understand the histories behind them.

American Political Systems & Ideologies - Chapter Summary

This political science chapter outlines the core ideologies and political systems of the American government. The chapter will help you review the history of liberalism and conservatism and help you understand the political theories of philosophers like John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. You'll also gain a deeper understanding of other political ideologies, such as socialism and communism. Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Recognize different types of political systems
  • Explain Jeffersonian and classical republicanism
  • Define a theocracy system
  • Assess the advantages and disadvantages of parliamentary government
  • Describe different types of ideologies along the political spectrum
  • Differentiate between socialism and communism
  • Analyze the history, ideology and influence of liberalism, conservatism and fascism
  • Discuss the views and political theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Our social studies instructors help you review American political ideologies by breaking down key definitions and concepts into bite-sized chunks. You can test your understanding of the material by taking the accompanying self-assessment quizzes or printing the lesson transcripts for further study. If you need to review specific topics, they'll be easy to find with our interactive video timelines and course Dashboard. The material is accessible at any time that fits your schedule so you can study whenever it's convenient.

14 Lessons in Chapter 33: American Political Systems & Ideologies
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Political System: Types & Definition

1. Political System: Types & Definition

How many different ways can human societies organize their governments? In this lesson, we'll examine some common political systems used throughout history and see how they compare.

Jeffersonian Republicanism: Definition & Explanation

2. Jeffersonian Republicanism: Definition & Explanation

In this lesson, you'll define Jeffersonian Republicanism, learn about it historical origins, understand Jefferson's governmental philosophy of 'Republican Simplicity,' and know the successes and challenges this philosophy brought to the nation.

Classical Republicanism: Definition & Overview

3. Classical Republicanism: Definition & Overview

Classical republicanism is the idea that a government should be based on the consent of the people. If a government deviates from the will of the governed, the people have a right to form a new government. Learn all about it in this lesson.

Theocracy: Definition & Examples

4. Theocracy: Definition & Examples

Throughout history, governments have relied on various ideologies to structure bureaucracy. In this lesson, we explore theocracy, a system of government in which the country's religious institutions are closely intertwined with the state.

Parliamentary Government: Definition, Examples, Advantages & Disadvantages

5. Parliamentary Government: Definition, Examples, Advantages & Disadvantages

In this lesson you will learn what a parliamentary government is, and discover how it functions with examples like Australia and Germany. Then learn some of the advantages and disadvantages of a parliamentary system of government.

Presidential System of Government: Roles of the President

6. Presidential System of Government: Roles of the President

The following lesson discusses the seven roles that the President of the United States has. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.

Types of Ideologies Along The Political Spectrum

7. Types of Ideologies Along The Political Spectrum

There are several different ideologies represented along the political spectrum. Political ideologies range from the extreme left-wing to the extreme right-wing. This lesson explains five political ideologies.

Communism: Definition & Examples

8. Communism: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we'll learn the meaning of communism while briefly comparing it to capitalism. We'll then discuss different examples of communism. Finally, we'll discuss the significance of communism in the context of the Cold War.

Socialism: Definition & Leaders

9. Socialism: Definition & Leaders

This lesson defines and explains the 19th century political ideology socialism. In doing this, it will highlight the roles of the Industrial Revolution and the socialist experiments of Robert Owen and Charles Fourier.

Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences

10. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences

People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.

Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence

11. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenets and its influence.

Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

12. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views

In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.

Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence

13. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.

Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence

14. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Social Studies Subject Concentration (5157): Practice & Study Guide course

Support